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Scientific American, Vol. 17, No. 26 December 28, 1867
Journal Of Practical Information, Art, Science, Mechanics,
Chemistry, And Manufactures
Various
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December 28, 1867, by Various
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Title: Scientific American, Vol. 17, No. 26 December 28, 1867
Journal Of Practical Information, Art, Science, Mechanics,
Chemistry, And Manufactures
Author: Various
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[Illustration]
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
A WEEKLY JOURNAL OF PRACTICAL INFORMATION, ART, SCIENCE, MECHANICS,
CHEMISTRY, AND MANUFACTURES.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 28, 1867.
Vol. XVII.--No. 26. [NEW SERIES.]
$3 per Annum [IN ADVANCE.]
* * * * *
Contents: (Illustrated articles are marked with an asterisk.)
*Improvement in Hulling and Cleansing Hominy
Nitro Glycerin
*Hisert's Adjustable Cultivator Tooth
Remedy for Cold Feet in City Cars
Getting Your Money Back
Patent Claims
Pending Applications for Reissues
The Last Number of Volume XVII
Commencement of a New Volume
A Change at the Patent Office
Obituary
How to Make Intelligent Workmen--Go and Do Likewise
The SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN as a Medium of Business
*Hunt's Improved Steam Packing Piston
ads:
The Iron Clads at Sea
*Improvement in Hand Drills
*Improved Method of Securing Cutters on Boring Bars
Tides and Their Causes
The Great Hoosac Tunnel
Horse-hair Snakes--Wonderful Transformation
Man Proposes, but God Disposes
Extraordinary Effects of an Earthquake
Recent American and Foreign Patents
Answers to Correspondents
Business and Personal
Manufacturing, Mining, and Railroad Items
Patent Office Decision
* * * * *
Improvement in Hulling and Cleansing Hominy.
Many of our readers well remember when "hulled corn" was a standing
winter dish. This was corn or maize the kernels of which were denuded
of their "hulls" by the chemical action of alkalies, which, however,
impaired the sweetness of the food. Hominy is corn deprived of the
hulls by mechanical means leaving the corn with all its original flavor
unimpaired. Hominy is a favorite dish throughout the country, but is not
always entirely free from particles of the outer skin of the kernels.
The mill shown in perspective in the engraving is intended to obviate
this objection.
[Illustration: DONALDSON'S PATENT HOMINY MILL.]
The corn is placed in the hopper, A, from which it is fed to the hulling
cylinder contained in the case, B. The hulling machinery is driven by
a belt on the pulley, C, the other end of the shaft of which carries
a pinion which gives motion to the gear wheel, D. This, by means of a
pinion on the shaft of the blower, E, drives the fans of the blower. On
the other, or front end of the shaft which carries the gear, D, is a
bevel gear by which another bevel gear and worm is turned. The worm
rotates the worm gear, F, in two opposite arms of which are slots that
carry pins projecting inwards, which may be moved toward or away from
the center. This gear wheel turns free on the shaft that carries the
pulley, C, and is intended for opening, by means of the pins in the
arms and levers, a cover in the bottom of the hopper and a valve in the
bottom of the hulling cylinder. Coiled or bent springs return these
levers or valves to place when the pin which moves them has passed.
A wrist-pin on the gear, D, forms a crank which is connected to a bar
at the rear end of the sieves, G, pivoted to an arm at H, by which the
sieves have a shaking or reciprocating motion as the machine operates.
The blower drives out the hulls and the motion of the sieves with their
inclined position insure access of the air to every portion of the
hominy.
It will be noticed that the connection of all the parts is absolute. The
motion of the sieves, the speed of the blower, and the action of the
inlet hopper valve and the delivery hulling valve are always exactly
proportioned to the speed of the hulling cylinder, whether fast or slow.
The upper or feed valve opens upward and has a downward projecting lip
that shuts into a recess in its seat which insures security against
leakage from the hopper to the hulling cylinder during the intervals of
its being raised; a great advantage in hominy making, as no grain ought
to get into the batch until that in the cylinder is done.
Patented Oct. 15, 1867, by John Donaldson, who may be addressed for
further information at Rockford, Ill.
* * * * *
Nitro-Glycerin.
Professor Doremus of this city was called as a witness at the inquest
upon the bodies of the unfortunate persons killed by the recent
explosion at Bergen, N.J. The Professor having previously analyzed some
of the explosive mixture, testified as follows:--"I have subjected it
to chemical analysis, and find it to correspond to the formula C_{6},
H_{3}, O_{3}, and NO_{5}; it is well made nitro-glycerin; the substance
freezes at about 46; it is made to decompose in a very peculiar way; on
moistening paper with it it burns with rapidity; it does not explode
when red-hot copper is placed in it; we tried it with the most intense
heat--we can produce with a galvanic battery with two hundred cells
holding a gallon and a half each; some nitro-glycerin was placed in a
cup and connected with one of the poles of the battery; through a pencil
of gas carbon the other poles of the battery were connected with the
glycerin, no explosion ensued; but when the point touched the britannia
vessel the nitro-glycerin took fire, a portion burning and the rest
scattering about; this is as severe a test as we can submit it to in the
way of heat under the pressure of the air; we therefore would conclude
that nitro-glycerin carried about exposed cannot explode, even if you
drop a coal of fire into it; if the liquid is confined, or is under
pressure, then an explosion will ensue; if paper be moistened with
it and put on an anvil and a smart blow given with a hammer, a sharp
detonation ensues; if gunpowder or the fulminates of mercury, silver or
gun-cotton be ignited in a vacuum by a galvanic battery, none of them
will explode; if any gas be introduced so as to produce a gentle
pressure during the decomposition, then a rapid evolution of gases will
result; the results of decomposition in a vacuum differ from those under
atmospheric pressure or when they are burnt in a pistol, musket,
a cannon, or in a mine; where we have little or no pressure it is
difficult to get these substances to burn rapidly; nitro-glycerin is
more difficult to explode than powder; in many respects it resembles
gun-cotton which is made in a similar way; if gun-cotton be immersed
in the proto-chloride of iron it turns into common cotton; the
same experiment was tried with nitro-glycerin by mixing it with
proto-chloride of iron, and it reverted into common glycerin; there
are four well known varieties of gun-cotton made by employing acids of
different strengths; they differ in chemical composition and properties,
as well as in their explosive qualities; the late Minister of War in
Austria in 1862 stated to me that he had ordered four hundred cannon for
gun-cotton, and six months after he stated that he had ordered all
the cannon to be changed and adapted to powder, in consequence of
spontaneous combustions; much less is known of nitro-glycerin than of
gun-cotton, and probably several varieties of this article may be formed
as of gun cotton; this would explain cases of spontaneous explosion; if
the nitro-glycerin is not carefully washed to get rid of the acid, a
gradual decomposition will ensue, producing gases, which, if the vessel
be closed, will explode; my opinion is that nitro-glycerin should be
used in the most careful hands; do not think I would put it in the hands
of a common laborer for blasting purposes; it is less dangerous in a
frozen than a liquid state; I think concussion would explode frozen
nitro-glycerin.
* * * * *
HISERT'S ADJUSTABLE CULTIVATOR TOOTH.
The object of the device exhibited in the engraving is to allow the
teeth of a cultivator to turn slightly and avoid obstructions, while
they will follow at all times the line of draft, so that in turning the
cultivator there is no risk of breaking the teeth or their shanks, or
of overturning the implement. The cultivator blade, A, may be of any
desired form, and it is secured to the curved shank, B, which is pivoted
by a bolt to the beam, C. On the under or lower side of the beam is an
iron plate, D, having a projecting socket, E, which is the stud or pin
on which the eye of the shank turns. A bolt passing through the socket
and beam holds the shank in place. Farmers will readily perceive the
advantages of this device. It may be applied to any or all of the
different cultivators now in use. Patented Sept 3, 1867, by B.F. Hisert
who may be addressed for rights to make or sell at Norton Hill, Green
Co., N.Y., or address G.W. King, Scoharie, N.Y.
[Illustration]
* * * * *
Remedy for Cold Feet in City Cars.
"Riding down town these cold mornings in the horse cars, the unpleasant
sensation of chilled feet reminds us of the plan adopted in France and
other parts of Europe to keep the feet of car passengers warm. This is
accomplished by inserting a flattened iron tube along the bottom of the
car lengthwise in the center, between the rows of seats. This tube is
raised a little above the floor level of the car to afford a rest for
the feet, yet, not enough to make a stumbling block. When the car leaves
the depot this tube is filled with hot water from a boiler kept heated
for the purpose, and this water retains its heat and gives a pleasant
warmth to the feet of the passengers and the car generally, for about
two hours, after which the tube is refilled at a convenient station on
the road. In the case of our city cars this might easily be done, and be
a cheap and exceedingly comfortable improvement."--_Evening Post_.
It should be understood that the French cars are arranged with small
compartments like stage coaches, and the passengers sit face to face,
with the warming tube above described under their feet. One tube
for every six persons. We should be glad, indeed, to see this plan
introduced here. But it is not to be expected that our city railroad
companies will do anything for the comfort of their passsengers, while
without such trouble they continue to reap rich harvests. Very likely
the idea of loading a lot of hot water upon their cars, for passengers
to stand upon, would strike them as a good joke. Their poor, broken
down, spavined horses, could not stand any additional load.
* * * * *
Getting Your Money Back.
The French are a curious people and one of the novelties of Parisian
enterprises is a large warehouse, in which are sold, at retail, all
manner of goods, from a diamond necklace to a shoe brush. The purchaser,
having paid the price, receives not only the goods, but a bond for the
whole amount of his purchase money, payable, after thirty years, and
guaranteed by the Credit Foncier and other moneyed corporations. The
prices charged are said to be no greater than in any other retail shops.
This is really eating your cake in order to keep it; the more you
spend the richer you will be; indeed it sets at defiance the whole of
Franklin's code of proverbs, and proves "Poor Richard" a silly fellow.
Imagine Jones lecturing his wife on her economy, and reproaching her for
a spirit of saving, "My dear, if you had bought this camel's hair shawl
thirty years ago, it would now be a source of income to us; if you
had not been so close we should now be wealthy." Smith acquires an
independence by giving his children an expensive education, and sees in
every new dress or costly jewel which his growing daughters wear, a new
mine of wealth for himself. If he can only persuade them to spend money
enough he is sure of a support in his old age.
* * * * *
A GIGANTIC BRIDGE.--A suspension bridge is to be erected by M. Oudry,
engineer, over the Straits of Messina, Sicily, from Point Pezzo, on the
Calabrian Coast. It is to consist of four spans of 3,281 feet each,
elevated about 150 feet above high-water level, so that the largest
ships may pass under. The proposed Roebling bridge over the East River,
between New York and Brooklyn, is to have a single span of 1,600 feet.
* * * * *
The through mails to the West now go in iron-bound boxes instead of
leathern bags. Each box, tightly packed, contains about eight hundred
letters.
* * * * *
The first steam vessel used in Great Britain was called the _Comet_, and
built by Henry Bell in 1812. It was thirty tuns burden.
* * * * *
OFFICIAL REPORT OF PATENTS AND CLAIMS
Issued by the United States Patent Office,
FOR THE WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 10, 1867.
_Reported Officially for the Scientific American_
PATENTS ARE GRANTED FOR SEVENTEEN YEARS the following being a schedule
of fees:--
On filing each Caveat $10
On filing each application for a Patent, except for a design $15
On issuing each original Patent $20
On appeal to Commissioner of Patents $20
On application for Reissue $30
On application for Extension of Patent $50
On granting the Extension $50
On filing a Disclaimer $10
On filing application for Design (three and a half years) $10
On filing application for Design (seven years) $15
On filing application for Design (fourteen years) $30
In addition to which there are some small revenue-stamp taxes. Residents
of Canada and Nova Scotia pay $500 on application.
_Pamphlets containing the Patent Laws and full particulars of the mode
of applying for Letters Patent, specifying size of model required,
and much other information useful to Inventors, may be had gratis by
addressing MUNN & CO., Publishers of the Scientific American, New York._
* * * * *
71,836.--MACHINE FOR NOTCHING KNITTING NEEDLES.--W. Aiken, Franklin,
N.H.
I claim 1st, The improved machine, substantially as described, for
effecting the several operations of notching, slotting, boring, and
burring a knitting machine needle blank, in the order and manner as
explained.
2d, Also, the combination of one or more vibratory clamps, Y, the cam,
E, and the two burrs or cutters, q r, for forming the notches in the
needle blank such clamp or clamps, cam and cutters being provided with
mechanism for operating them, substantially as described.
3d, Also the combination of one or more vibratory clamps Y, the cam, E,
the two burrs or cutter wheels, q r, and the slotting burr or cutters,
s, provided with mechanism for operating them substantially as
explained,
4th, Also, the combination of one or more rotary clamps, Y, the cam,
E, the burrs or cutter wheels, q r s, and the drill, u, provided with
mechanism for operating them, substantially as set forth.
5th, Also, the combination of one or more vibrating clamps, the burring
cutter, t, the drill, u, and the slotting cutter, s, arranged and
provided with mechanism for operating, substantially as explained.
71,837.--TEA AND COFFEE POT.--Alfred Arnold, Tenafly, N.J.
I claim 1st, In a tea or coffee boiler, the base, D, so constructed and
adapted, relatively to the other parts, that an oscillating motion will
be imparted to the vessel by process of ebullition, substantially as
shown and described.
2d, In combination with the base or heating-surface, D, the chambers, b
b', and diaphragm, E, or their equivalents, substantially as arranged
and described, and for the purposes shown.
71,838.--TOOL FOR SIZING LAMP CHIMNEYS.--Lewis J. Atwood, (assignor to
himself and Holmes, Booth and Haydens), Waterbury, Conn.
I claim the adjustable sizing and shaping-jaws employed, substantially
as specified, in the manufacture of glass lamp chimneys and similar
articles.
71,839.--MODE OF PREVENTING THE UNTWISTING OF THE ENDS OF WIRE ROPE
BANDS.--Arthur Barbarin, New Orleans, La.
I claim a wire rope band, in which the ends of the several wires
composing the same are soldered together, substantially as herein
described and shown in the accompanying drawings, and for the purposes
set forth.
71,840.--SPRING-BED BOTTOM.--Alonzo B. Baty, Binghamton, N.Y.
I claim the construction and application of the bracket, B, in
combination with the bail or pendant, C, the springs, D D, transverse
pieces, F F, and slats, A A, all being constructed substantially as
herein described and represented, for the purpose set forth.
71,841.--HORSE-RAKE.--H.L. Beach, Montrose, Pa., assignor to Beach Wheel
Horse-Rake Manufacturing Company, N.Y.
I claim 1st, The teeth heads, N, constructed and operating substantially
as described.
2d, In combination with the teeth heads, N, the teeth, Q, substantially
as described.
3d, The arms, K, and teeth heads, N, combined and operating
substantially as set forth.
4th, The cleaners, M, teeth heads, N, and teeth, Q, when combined for
the purposes indicated.
5th, The blocks, f, pins, c, sliding bar, E, and lever, G, when combined
for the purposes set forth.
6th, The hooks, i i, and pins, j, secured in the axle for the purpose
shown.
7th, The washers, P, combined with the teeth and teeth heads,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,842.--APPARATUS FOR LIGHTING STREET GAS-LAMPS.--J. W. Beard, St.
Johns, New Brunswick.
I claim the combination of the hook, F, and the perforated cap, E, with
the lamp, D', to be affixed on a pole or staff, as set forth.
Also, the combination of the curved or hooked arms, c c, with the key,
k, of the cock of the burner, and their arrangement with respect, to the
opening in the bottom of the lantern, as explained.
Also, the combination of the socket tube, e, with the lamp, D', its
hook, F, and perforated cap, E.
Also the combination of the receiving tube, f, and bayonet connection,
g, with the socket tube, e, the lamp, D', its hook and perforated cap,
as described.
71,843.--CALIPER AND T-SQUARE.--Joseph Bennor, Philadelphia, Pa.
I claim the rule, a, stand, c, slide, m, legs, p and q, marker, u,
cutter, w, with their several described appendages, all combined in the
manner and for the purpose substantially as shown and described.
71,844.--REFRIGERATOR.--Ferdinand Borchard, Detroit, Mich.
I claim 1st, A refrigerator which is provided with movable racks, H,
within cooling chambers which are arranged beneath an ice chamber,
B, constructed with inclined walls, a a a, a drip pan, D, and an
ice-supporting rack, c, substantially as and for the purposes described.
2d, Providing the movable racks, with sliding brackets, I, which are so
applied as to serve as supports for the outer ends of the racks when
drawn partially out of their respective apartments, substantially as
described.
71,845.--CONSTRUCTION OF METAL SALVERS.--George Brabrook, (assignor to
Reed and Barton), Taunton, Mass.
I claim the arrangement and combination of the metallic ring and cap
molding together, and with the waiter or salver, in manner substantially
as and for the purpose specified.
Also, as a new or improved manufacture, a waiter or salver of britannia
metal, having a metallic strengthening-ring and cap molding combined and
arranged with its body in manner as specified.
71,846.--MANUFACTURE OF SHOES, ETC.--M.L. Brett, Warren, Ohio.
I claim the construction of a seamless shoe, etc., by felting, in the
manner set forth, as a new article of manufacture.
71,847.--CONSTRUCTION OF SCOOPS.--Theo. C. Bromley, Fort Howard, Wis.
I claim the cone-shaped back and the circular raised brace.
71,848.--WATER-RESERVOIR FOR EXTENSION-TOP STOVE.--Chas. H. Buck, St
Louis, Mo.
I claim 1st, the boiler, D, constructed with a depression in its rear
side, in combination with a stove made with the extended top, A, and
with a stovepipe, C, which is entirely independent of the boiler, but
still is partly enclosed by the boiler, in the manner and for the
purpose described.
2d, The boiler, D. with its depression in its rear side made wholly
independent of the pipe, C, but capable of enclosing a portion of said
pipe, and of being removed without disturbing the pipe, as herein
described and shown.
71,849.--JOURNAL-BOX.--T.F. Burgess, Lowell, Mass.
I claim the drips, e e, and conducting holes, d d, in combination with
the recesses, b b, when arranged to operate substantially as described
and for the purposes fully set forth.
71,850.--HAY ELEVATOR.--E.H. Carpenter, Dexter, Mich.
I claim 1st, In combination with a cable, A, frame, F, wheels, G,
sheave, E, and rope, C, the disengaging device, consisting of a collar,
M, stop, L, and vertical catch, K, enclosing the cable, A, and rope, C,
and operated substantially as described.
2d, The combination of the frame, F, rope, C, collar, M, stop, L, catch,
K, and valves, H, cams, I, and lever, l', said parts being constructed
and the whole arranged substantially as set forth.
71,831.--STEAM GENERATOR.--C.E. Case, Xenia, Ohio.
I claim the metal cup, G, constructed and arranged substantially upon
the principle and in the manner herein set forth.
71,852.--LOOM FOR WEAVING PALM-LEAF, ETC.--Geo. W. Chandler, (assignor
to himself and Lysander F. Thompson), Fitchburg, Mass.
I claim 1st, The hinged holder, G, substantially as and for the purposes
set forth.
2d, The combination of the hinged fingers, c c, with the ribs, b b b,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
3d, The combination of the adjustable weight, G', with the bottom of the
holder, for the purposes set forth.
4th, The combination with the hinged fingers, c c, of the hinged
holding-piece, G", substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
5th, The fingered stop or guard piece, h', with the holder, G
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
6th, The combination, with the stand or plate, h, of the grooved hinged
flap, i, for supporting the guard or stop piece, h'.
7th, The combination with the ribbed holder, G, of the guide piece, s,
as and for the purposes set forth.
The combination of the feed arm, m, with the slide-piece, n, and lever,
26, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
9th, the combination with lever, 26, of the adjustable ears, 27 27, for
the purposes stated.
10, The combination with slide piece, n, and table, L, of the connecting
piece, 21, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
11th, The combination with the slotted slide piece, M", and connecting
piece, 21, of the double shouldered bolts, 18 18, substantially as and
for the purposes set forth.
12th, The combination with the curved lever, M, and the slide piece, M",
of the bent levers, M' M', substantially as and for the purposes set
forth.
13th, The combination with the arm, 70, and notched bar, w, of the
sping-pawl, t, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
14th, Mechanism for separating the pieces of material to be fed,
constructed and combined for operation substantially as described, and
as shown in fig. 7, of the accompanying drawings.
15th, The combination with a loom for weaving palm-leaf and other cloth,
of a push-finger, 41, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
16th, The combination with the stem of the push finger, 41, of
the catch-piece, 42, lever, 44, and operating springs, 43 and 46,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
17th, The combination with the slide, n, of the projection or dog, 47,
for releasing lever, 46, from the catch-piece, 42, as set forth.
18th, The combination with the hinged table, L, of the mechanism for
separating and feeding the material, substantially as set forth.
19th, The combination with the stationary bed, L", and stand, 72, of the
hinged table, L, and catch, o, substantially as set forth.
20th, The combination and relative arrangement with the table, L, bed,
L", and holder, G, of the evener knives, 12 and 14, as shown and set
forth.
21st, The combination with the bridge piece, 50, of the hinged dog, 52,
and bell-spring, 53, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
22d, The combination and relative arrangement of mechanism,
substantially such as is shown and described for communicating the
proper motions to the feed arms, S, from lever, K.
23d, The combination with a loom for weaving palm-leaf of mechanism
substantially such as shown and described for stopping the loom, as set
forth.
71,853.--PITMAN COUPLING.--G. W. Clark, Manchester, Ind.
I claim the arrangement of forked pitman, A G G', bolt, H, screw shanked
hook, D, and nuts, F F', or their equivalents, substantially as and for
the purpose set forth.
71,854.--MACHINE FOR MAKING LEVEES.--Ernest Comeaux, Bayou Goula, La.
I claim 1st, The endless apron in combination with the hinged adjustable
frame, K, operating as described for elevating the earth used in making
levees, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.
2d, The combination of the endless apron, F, chains, H, slats, J, and
adjustable supporting-frame, K, and standards, L, as herein described
for the purpose set forth.
3d, The above in combination with the spur-wheels, C and B, and the
endless chain, D, as herein described for the purpose set forth.
72,855.--CONSTRUCTION OF ROOF.--M. De K. Cutts, Richmond, Va.
I claim 1st, A tobacco drying house which is provided with a sectional
hinged roof in combination with frames, A, which support the tobacco
leaves while being dried and cured substantially as described,
2d, The supporting posts, G, in combination with hinged sections, B B',
elevating devices, and supporting frames, constructed and arranged in
such manner that the leaves of tobacco upon said frames can be exposed
to the action of the sun and air at pleasure substantially as described.
71,856.--CAR BRAKE.--Shadrach Davis, Dartmouth, Mass.
I claim a car brake, consisting of the broad connecting bar, C1, which
rests on pivots, F1, working in slots, and has the brake-shoes movable
fixed to it, the whole combined as described, operated by the bar,
I2, and screw rod, H2, and by contact with the wheels as and for the
purposes set forth.
71,857.--FEEDER FOR GRAIN MILL.--Michael Decamp, South Bend, Ind.
I claim 1st, The combination of the device, D, bridge ring-bearing, a b,
feeder, c, and collar, e, substantially as described,
2d, The toothed eccentric, J, in combination with lever, G, and collar,
e, substantially as described.
71,858.--PAINTER'S EASEL.--Paul Deschause, New York city.
I claim 1st, The extensible legs, consisting of the hinged legs, a, and
their extension sliding parts, b, made and arranged substantially as
described.
2d, Also the combination of the legs with the toggle-brace, c c,
substantially as described.
3d, Also, the extensible rest, composed of the fixed part, e, and the
sliding part, d, in combination with the fixed and movable clamps, f g,
substantially as described.
71,859.--GUIDE FOR SAW IN SAW MILLS.--Hiram P. Dillingham, Norwalk,
Ohio.
I claim the plates, A and A', guides, B B', and C and C', the whole
constructed substantially as described, and operating as and for the
purposes set forth.
71,860.--PRODUCING CALCIUM MAGNESIUM LIGHT.--Chas. A. Dresser, New York
city. George A. Dresser, Trustee;
I claim the preparation of dolomite, native or artificial substantially
as and for the purpose described.
71,861.--CALENDAR ATTACHMENT TO INKSTAND.--Sam'l. R. Dummer, New York
city.
I claim 1st, An inkstand, etc., constructed with a series of shoulders
or rests, B, whether one or more and one above another, in combination
with the rings, C, and plate or frame, D, or their respective
equivalents substantially as and for the purpose described.
2d, In combination with the above, the two tubes, H M, and plunger, O,
as herein set forth for the purpose specified.
71,862.--PLANING MACHINE FOR WOOD.--G. B. Durkee and W. H. Murray,
(assignor to themselves and I. T. Safford), Chicago, Ill.
We claim 1st, The employment of two separately adjustable cutter heads
in a single machine, so that the axis of one cutter may be at the angle
of the other at a different angle, and both cutters operating at the
same time upon the same board, substantially as specified.
2d, The crossheads, C, cutter-heads, E, screws, D and G, in combination
with the standards, B, constructed and operating substantially as
specified.
71,863.--SELF-ADJUSTING RELAY MAGNET.--J. M. Fairchild, (assignor to
himself, J. K. Bundy, and J. M. Townsend), New Haven, Ct.
I claim the arrangement of the head, C, combined with the magnet so
as to be self-adjusting in relation to the armature, substantially as
herein set forth.
71,864.--CORN CAKE CUTTER.--Leonard Felker, Tewksbury, Mass.
I claim the rotating cylinder i, with its cutters, i'i', in combination
with the rotating cylinder, f, with the stationary knives, f'f', and
adjustable finishers, g g, when arranged to operate substantially as
described and set
2d, The pressure rotating cylinder, f, with stationary knives, f'f', and
adjustable finishers, g g, substantially as described and set forth.
3d, The clearer, m, in combination with the rotating cutters, i'i', as
described.
4th, The adjustable stands, d d, and lever, p, in combination with the
table, b', and weight, o, when arranged to operate substantially as
described.
71,865.--MEASURING FAUCET.--Elisha Fitzgerald, N. Y. city.
I claim the combination of a four way cock with a receptacle having a
movable partition operated by the water, substantially as described,
for the purpose of limiting and determining the amount of water to be
discharged, as specified.
Also, in combination with the above, the dial and pointer, to indicate
the amount of water discharged, as described.
71,866.--TWEER.--Charles C. Forncrook, Hermitage, N. Y.
I claim the combination of the valve, d, adjustable bridge, g, chamber,
B, and tweer, A, arranged and operating substantially in the manner and
for the purpose set forth.
71,867.--COTTON TIE.--John H. Fraley, New Orleans, La.
I claim the combination of the buckles, A and B, when they are
constructed and united as described, with the ends of hoop iron, when
bent into the form of hooks, as and for the purpose set forth.
71,868.--BRIDGE.--John Glass, George P. Schneider, and William B.
Rezner, Cleveland. Ohio.
We claim, 1st, The tubular flanged sections, A B, as arranged in
combination with the diaphragm, C, for the purpose and in the manner
substantially as set forth.
2d, The tubular arch, as constructed, with sections, A B C, in
combination with the foot block, I, provided with a flange or boss, K,
when arranged in the manner as and for the purpose set forth.
71,869.--OIL CUP.--John H. Gomer, New York city.
I claim the combination of the cap, B, with its screw flange, b, and
case, A, provided with suitable tube, C, in the manner and for the
purpose herein specified.
71,870.--PEAT MACHINE.--George D. Goodrich, Chicago, Ill.
I claim, 1st, The adjustable bearing for the shaft, B, composed of
two or more segments, r, constructed and operating substantially as
described.
2d, The separate troughs, I, located below the tempering mill, when
more than one expelling screw is employed, so as to give each screw a
separate and independent action, substantially as specified.
3d, The cutter or knife, F, for cutting the material into suitable
lengths in a peat machine having a continuous discharge from the
expelling mill, substantially as specified.
4th, Closing the mouth of the die by an adjustable intermittent stop or
knife, when so arranged that the movements can be varied with respect to
the movements of the other operating parts of the machine, substantially
as specified.
5th, The double slotted plate or wheel, K, provided with the sockets, h,
and pins, i, for the purpose of adjusting the movements of the cutter
stop or knife, F, substantially as described.
6th, The combination of the separate troughs, I, expelling screws, H,
and cutter stop, F, with a tempering mill, substantially as specified.
71,871.--RATCHET BED KEY.--William M. Gray, Brooklyn, N. Y.
I claim the bed key constructed and arranged as above described, as a
new article of manufacture.
71,872.--MODE OF PREVENTING THE EXPLOSION OF LAMPS.--Cyrus P. Grosvenor,
McGrawville, N.Y.
I claim the application to lamps or heaters, using coal oils, alcohol,
or other explosive substances, of such a burner as will supply the
vacuum made in the reservoir by the combustion with nitrogen gas, the
burner being constructed as herein described, or in any other form
substantially the same, and which will produce the intended effect.
71,873.--CAR-AXLE BOX.--Joseph Harris, Dorchester, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The roller guides, i, with detached radial joints,
substantially as described.
2d, In combination with the system of rollers and box, g, the
construction of the axle, with its extension, e, and shoulder, d, as and
for the purpose set forth.
71,874.--WASHING MACHINE.--Job H. Haskell (assignor to himself and
Horace Taplin), Lowell, Mass.
I claim the general construction and combination of all the parts,
consisting of the cylinder, G, series of yielding rollers, a, roller
stands, k, spring bars, f, levers or arms, m, spring bar, D, transverse
bar, R, rod, O, and the box, the whole arranged to operate substantially
as and for the purpose set forth.
71,875.--HORSE RAKE.--John V. Hawkey (assignor to himself and Israel T.
Sheffler), Greensburg, Pa.
I claim, 1st, A rake shaft or head, arranged outside of the periphery of
the wheels, projecting laterally beyond them, and so jointed that its
sections can be folded vertically upon the carrying frame without
detaching any of the parts of the rake, substantially as described.
2d, An axially turning rake-shaft, so jointed that its outer sections
can be folded inwards without detaching any of its parts.
3d, The combination of the inner fixed section of the rake shaft with
the outer vertically folding sections, projecting beyond the wheels,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
4th, The combination, substantially as described, with a jointed rake
shaft, of hinges allowing the sections to fold vertically, and a locking
device to hold them rigidly when unfolded.
5th, The arrangement as described, of the top pins, m, on the folding
sections, to secure them in position when folded up.
6th, The combination in a horse rake, of an axially turning folding rake
shaft, with a rock shaft controlled by a handle on the driver's platform
to raise and lower the teeth.
7th, The arrangement, in a horse rake, of an axially turning jointed
rake shaft, mounted on the rear end of the thills, and supported on two
wheels mounted on independent axles.
71,876.--APPARATUS FOR DRAINING SUGAR.--James B. Hill, Allegheny City,
Pa.
I claim the combination and arrangement of the hopper, C, provided with
valve, d, case, B, screen, R, distributing drum, P, distributor, f,
provided with valve, i, scraper, S, chute h, and pipe, t, the whole
being constructed, arranged, and operating substantially in the manner
herein described, and for the purpose set forth.
71,877.--CENTRIFUGAL MACHINE FOR DRAINING SUGAR.--James B. Hill,
Allegheny City, Pa.
I claim the use of a fan when used in combination with the shield,
m, distributor, f, screen, R, case, B, hopper, C, and scraper, S,
constructed, arranged, and operating, substantially in the manner herein
described, and for the purpose set forth.
71,878.--CARD HOLDER.--Samuel L. Hill, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim, in combination with a back or support, the use or employment
of any number of strips when the same shall be constructed and combined
substantially as shown for the purpose specified.
71,879.--FISHING LINE SWIVEL.--Martin Hiltz, Gloucester, Mass.
I claim the improved swivel, as made with the screw bolt, D, and the nut
chamber, e, arranged and combined, as explained, with the parts, A B C,
constructed and applied together as specified.
61,880.--IMPLEMENT FOR LIGHTING GAS.--Thomas W. Houchin, Morrisania,
N.Y.
I claim, 1st, Placing a receiver, A, at the lower end of a tube, B, for
the purposes fully described.
2d, The combination of a receiver, A, tubes, B, and wick chamber, C,
when the same shall be constructed substantially as described, for the
purposes set forth.
71,881.--CORN-POPPER.--J. W. Howe, and J. K. Barton, Worcester, Mass.
We claim, 1st, The combination of the twisted wires, a a a' a', with
the handle, B, and receptacle, A, substantially as and for the purposes
described.
2d, The combination of the wires, a' a', with handle, B, receptacle, A,
and cover of the same, as and for the purposes described.
3d, The combination of the wires, a a a' a', with each other,
receptacle, A, and cover of same, as shown and described.
71,882.--COPY BOOK.--Benj. G. Howes, Worcester, Mass.
I claim the copy book, constructed substantially as described.
71,883.--PETROLEUM GAS BURNER.--G. A. Hyver, New Orleans, La.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the pipe, D, when filled with finely
broken charcoal, with the concentric or annular chamber, F, the latter
being provided with pipes, b, extending upwardly into the cup furnace or
heat retort, H, as and for the purpose substantially as set forth.
2d, The combination of the pipe, D, when filled with finely broken
charcoal, the concentric or annular chamber, F, pipes, b, and pipe, d,
with the gas pipe, c, when the latter is provided with the valve, J, for
regulating the flow of gas, as and for the purpose described.
3d, The gas pipe, c, when constructed and arranged with relation to the
chamber, F, and one of the pipes, b, as described, in combination with
the valve, J, for the purpose set forth.
4th, The combination of the concentric or annular chamber, F, and
pipes, b, with the cup furnace or heat retort, H, when the latter is
constructed as described, and shown upon the drawings, and occupies the
relation to the former herein set forth, for the purpose set forth.
5th, The pipe, d, in combination with one of the pipes, b, for the
purpose of affording a light for illuminating purposes, as herein
described.
71,884.--SHAFT COUPLING.--John Keesey, Chester, Pa.
I claim the combination of the box, hub, or shell, B, reverse
wedge-shaped blocks, C C', and bolts, D D', with their nuts, E E', or
the equivalents of these devices, arranged for operation together,
substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.
71,885.--CLAMP SCREW.--Charles L Kingsley (assignor to Charles Parker),
Meriden, Conn.
I claim the nut, E, formed with the seats, F, and the lever, G, formed
with the trunnions, I, so as to be combined and operate in the manner
and for the purpose described.
71,886.--MACHINE FOR BENDING WOOD.--Joseph Klahr, Bernville, assignor to
himself, W.R. Weand, C.H. Zink, and James J. Wagenhorst, Philadelphia,
Pa.
I claim, 1st, The formers, F F', with their arms, p p', levers, k k',
and catches, q, or their equivalents, in combination with the clamps, G,
the whole being constructed and operating substantially as and for the
purpose described.
2d, The combination of the above, the weighted levers, D D', and the
links, l.
3d, The adjustable plates, B B', with their shoulders, c, operating in
combination with the formers, and their projections, q, substantially as
and for the purpose described.
71,887.--OIL CAN.--George Alvan Knowlton, Natick, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The stoppers, D and I, retracted from their respective
orifices by a single trigger, H h', and provided with two springs, G J,
to insure the effective closure of both said orifices, substantially as
described.
2d, In a valved oil can, constructed as above specified, the arrangement
of the trigger, H h', obliquely on the upper side of the handle, A', as
and for the purpose set forth.
71,888.--FENCE.--Ira Lackey, Lebanon, Ohio.
I claim the combination of the sills, A, braces, C, and hooks or loops,
i j, with the grooved posts, a c, of the panels, when the parts are
constructed and arranged to form a detachable and portable fence, in the
manner and for the purpose specified.
71,889.--BUTTER DISH.--Nathan Lawrence (assignor to Reed and Barton),
Taunton, Mass.
I claim the arrangement and combination of the friction spring with the
cover and vase, the journal and the bearing to extend entirely around
the said journal, as specified.
71,890.--HARVESTER RAKE.--Edward J. Leyburn, Lexington, Va.
I claim, 1st, Connecting the rake arm, E', to a loose collar, c, on reel
shaft, B, by means of a pivot, d', carrying an arm, f, in combination
with the jointed connecting rod, h, substantially as described.
2d, The arresting plate, G2, in combination with the rake pivot,
d', arm, f, and collar, c, and connecting rod, h, substantially as
described.
3d, The cam plate, G G1, in combination with the rake pivot, d', loose
collar, c, and connecting rod, h, substantially as described.
4th, The anti-friction roller, i, applied to the arm, f, of the rake
pivot, in combination with the arresting plate, G2, substantially as
described.
5th, Connecting the arm, f, which is in the rake pivot, d, to the reel
shaft or reel arm thereof, by means of a rod, h, and universal joint,
h', substantially as described.
6th, The application of a weight, g, to an arm, f, of the rake pivot,
when said arm is upon a loose collar, c, and arranged to operate
substantially as described.
71,891.--WASHING MACHINE.--Reuben Lighthall, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim the detachable holder, A, with the set screw, B, in combination
with the slotted lever, D, and the rollers, F F', and the cam, H, as and
for the purpose set forth.
71,892.--PROCESS FOR RENDERING PAPER, CLOTH, AND THE LIKE, FIRE AND
WATER PROOF.--Robert O. Lowrey, Salem, N.Y.
I claim the process, substantially as herein described, of treating
fibrous and other materials for rendering them fire and water proof.
71,893.--COMPOSITION OF MATTER FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF WATER PROOF PAPER
AND OTHER ARTICLES.--Robert O. Lowrey, Salem, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The new compound or composition of matter, produced by the
treatment of vegetable fiber, substantially as described.
2d, The process herein described of treating vegetable fiber for
producing a new compound, substantially as set forth.
71,894.--STREET SWEEPER.--Robert Y. McConnell and Geo. Pringle,
Rochester, N.Y.
We claim, 1st, The pinions, a, of the counter shaft, s, combined with
carrier wheels, W, of street sweepers, by suitable sliding clutches, c,
all arranged substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose
of equalizing the strength and efficiency of those portions of the
machine.
2d, The broom shaft, b, and the counter shaft, s, arranged substantially
as shown, being held by means of the adjustable rigid straps, y, for the
purposes set forth.
3d, The spring clutches, c, governed by means of the hand lever, D,
connecting rod, f, lever, k, and the counter inclined planes, m, all
arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the purposes
set forth.
71,895.--UTERINE SUPPORTER.--Frederick Meriwether, Tamola, Miss.
I claim the combination, as described, of the spring, E, composed of
copper or other soft metal, with the pessary, for the purposes set
forth.
Also, the combination, substantially as described, of the pelvic spring,
the vertically adjustable bar and set screw, the soft metal spring, E,
the pessary pillar, F, and the pessary, for the purposes specified.
71,896.--RAILROAD SIGNAL.--Abraham S. Miller (assignor to himself, J.P.
James, and Charles Folsom), Zanesfield, Ohio.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the trigger, E, and rock shaft, F
f, with a railroad signal and suitable intermediate connections, so
arranged that the contact of the train with said trigger shall throw the
signal into its conspicuous position, substantially as described.
2d, The arrangement of the trigger, E, rock shaft, F f, arm, H, link, I,
lever, G, wire, J, eccentric lever, L, catch, M, and shaft, B, signal,
A, and weight, B', or its equivalent (P P1 P2 Q), substantially as and
for the purpose specified.
3d, The arrangement of the trigger, E', rock shaft, F' f', arm, H',
and rod or other suitable connection, N, all arranged and operating
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
4th, The combination, with the disk or signal, A, of the reflecting
plate, a substantially as and for the object stated.
71,897.--SPINNING WHEEL.--Henry Miller, Ronald Township, Mich.
I claim the arrangement of the adjustable and hinged rods and levers,
constructed as herein described, for connecting the rocking treadle with
the hinged spindle arm, so that the operator, by the foot, may move the
spindle arm out or in at pleasure, as set forth and represented.
71,898.--BOOTS AND SHOES.--Charles Mole, Pembroke Terrace, Regent's
Park, London, England.
I claim the manufacture of a movable boot heel in two parts, to be
adjusted in different positions by means of a single central projection
taking into a single slot hole or countersunk part, and secured in
position by means of a central screw or pin, whether such projection and
hole or countersunk part be square or many sided, and no matter what the
shape of these sides, so that the shape of the projection and that of
the hole which is to receive it be identical, the whole substantially as
hereinbefore described and illustrated on the annexed sheet of drawing.
71,899.--WATER COOLER AND REFRIGERTOR.--Alfred Murden and Henry L.
Cooper (assignors to themselves and Fiancis Warner), New Haven, Conn.
We claim the arrangement of the cylinder, A, and outer cylinder, C, so
as to form a water space, D, and combined with covers, E and G, so as to
form a chamber, F, above the water space, D and ice cylinder, A, so that
the cover, E, forms the bottom of and the cover, G, the top of the said
chamber, in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
71,900.--CONSTRUCTION OF STAMPED SHEET METAL KETTLES.--Frederic G.
Niedringhaus and William F. Niedringhaus, St. Louis, Mo.
We claim the spout of a kettle when formed by pressure from the bottom
and top plate of the kettle, when constructed substantially as shown and
specified.
71,901.--BREAST STRAP SLIDE.--O.B. North (assignor to O.B. North & Co.),
New Haven, Conn.
I claim, 1st, The arrangement of the hinged tongue, E, upon the plate,
A, so as to cover the ring, substantially in the manner herein set
forth.
2d, Constructing the hook or projection, D, upon the inside of the
plate, by forming an opening, d, through the plate, substantially as and
for the purpose herein set forth.
71,902.--SNOW PLOW.--Abel Nutting, Quincy, Mass
I claim the rotary plow, arranged to operate substantially as set forth.
Also, in combination with such a plow, inclines, or shares, fixed, with
respect to the frame by which they are supported, substantially as
described.
71,903.--STEAM GENERATOR.--Isaac R. Oakford, Philadelphia. Pa.
I claim a steam generator, composed of a series of cylindrical boilers,
of round ends, provided with openings for steam and water, and arranged
in a vertical and inclined position, in the manner and for the purpose
above set forth and described.
71,904.--CASTER FOR FURNITURE.--P.B. O'Brien and Wm. E. Sparks, New
Haven, Conn., assignors to P.B. O'Brien.
We claim the arrangement of the spring, a, in the spindle, B,
and combined with the socket, C, so as to operate in the manner
substantially as described.
71,905.--RAILWAY FROG.--Staats N. Park, Bloomsbury, N.J.
I claim, 1st, So constructing the frogs of railways that the frog plate
and the rail or track sections, guard rails, and frog point are separate
from each other, and so that the rail sections and guard rails and frog
point can be inserted in or attached to and detached from the frog
plate, for the uses and purposes set forth.
2d, So constructing the frogs of railways or the frog plate, that the
track rails of any railway can be extended upon and combined with such
frog plate to form the track or rail section of the frog, substantially
as and for the purposes set forth.
71,906.--HARVESTER.--Henry W. Pell, Rome, N.Y.
I claim. 1st, The carriage, C, supported at both ends on wheels or
rollers, cc, running on a guide way, S, substantially as and for the
purposes specified.
2d, The rib or groove joint between the friction rollers and guideway,
to sustain the lateral pressure, as set forth.
3d, The clevis pin or whiffletree bolt, B, attached to the center of the
carriage, C.
4th, The independent attachment of the draught clevis to the whiffletree
bolt to permit the independent oscillation of the whiffletree without
affecting the clevis.
71,907.--MEDICAL COMPOUND.--M. Perl, New Orleans, La.
I claim the medical compound herein described, when made by the process
and composed of the ingredients herein specified, in the proportions
stated, for the purpose set forth.
71,908.--MACHINERY FOR SHAVING AND SLOTTING SCREWS.--Elijah S. Pierce,
Hartford, Conn.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the cam, M, the sliding frame, Y, the
spindle, A, the pulley, P, the clamp, C, the spring, S, and the rest, R,
or their equivalents, with a shaving tool, and one or more nicking saws,
substantially as herein specified.
2d, The combination of the sliding frame, Y, the spindle, A, and
the clamping device, C, with a shaving tool and one or more saws,
substantially as described, for the purpose of shaving, nicking, and
turning screw blanks or other similar articles, while held in the same
jaws.
71,909.--DOUBLE SCREW.--Elijah S. Pierce, Hartford, Ct.
I claim the double screw herein described and shown, as a new article of
manufacture.
71,910.--APPARATUS FOR PRESERVING MEATS, FISH, POULTRY, AND OTHER
PERISHABLE ARTICLES.--Charles F. Pike, Piovidence, R.I.
I claim, 1st, Constructing a tubular ice box, with holes or openings in
the tubes or pipes, at or near the bottom, to let the air out into the
chamber, F, and slots or openings into the ice receptacle, reservoir, or
depository, near the top, and so get the combined and double purpose
of radiation, conduction, and internal circulation of the air in
the chamber, F, substantially as and for the purposes set forth and
described in the drawing and specification hereunto annexed, without
confining myself to any particular form, size, or shape of the pipes
or tubes, whether they be vertical or horizontal, round, square, oval,
oblong, or in any other form, neither do I confine myself to any
particular form of ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository.
2d, The perforating or making slots, holes, or openings in the tubes
or pipes, near the bottom, for the purposes set forth and described,
howsoever the same may be made, whether used in connection with the
ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, as described, or without
the openings in the ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, for the
purpose of the rotating of the air.
3d, The ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, with its openings to
let the air into and on to the ice in this ice receptacle, reservoir, or
depository, for the purpose of taking off the moisture in the preserving
room, at or near its top, whether the tubes connected to the bottom of
this ice receptacle, reservoir, or depository, are perforated or not,
or whether the ice receptacle reservoir, or depository, is removed
altogether, and the tops or collars of the tubes or pipes are
perforated.
4th, The ice box, receptacle, reservoir, or depository, A, as described,
pipes or tubes, B C D L, pan, E H, room, F, substantially as described
and set forth, with their appendages.
71,911.--MULTIPLYING REFLECTORS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA.--D.W.S. Rawson,
Peru, Ill.
I claim, 1st, The reflector box, A, the doors and shade wings, B B, the
bars, C C, the non-reflecting division, D D, surrounding and between
the several mirrors, the base board, F, and the slide board, G, and the
double pivot, H, when used for the purposes herein described.
2d, The use of the lever for the purpose of adjusting the reflectors.
3d, The moving of the reflectors with the slide, G. to produce more than
one set of impressions on the same plate, or an equivalent movement.
71,912.--CAR SPRING.--Wm. F. Ray, Fort Wayne, Ind.
I claim a series of reflexed springs, so constructed that the bows slide
into each other, the whole being adjustable so as to regulate the amount
of elasticity, as described.
71,913.--LAMP BURNER.--Henry Read, Providence, R I.
I claim the skeleton bottom, B, in combination with the perforated
cylinder, C, and cone, D, when constructed and arranged substantially as
described and for the purpose specified.
71,914.--APPARATUS FOR TAMING WILD ANIMALS.--Peter R. Sanderson,
Caledonia, N Y.
I claim the construction and use of a circingle strap, as described,
with the sheaves, A A A A, and their attachments to said circingle, and
the slipping straps, B B B B, and rope, C, when arranged substantially
as described for the purpose specified.
Also, the combination of the above parts, A A, etc., B B, etc, and C,
with any harness, arranged substantially as described for the purpose
designed.
71,915.--JOURNAL BOX.--Wm. Sherburne, Charlestown, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The bolt, E, constructed as and for the purposes above
described.
2d, The bolt, E, in combination with the jaw, m, and oil box, B,
substantially and for the purpose above specified.
71,916.--HORSE AND CATTLE POKE.--Nelson Sylvester, Weymouth, Ohio.
I claim, 1st, The head, B, cross bar, E, in combination with the
springs, F, and spikes, a, for the purpose and in the manner
substantially as set forth.
2d, The cross bar, E, as arranged in relation to the yoke, C, and in
combination with the poke, A, in the manner as and for the purpose
specified.
71,917.--CORN PLANTER.--Frank J. Smiley, Marshall, Mich.
I claim, 1st, In combination with a wheeled machine for planting corn
or other seed at regular intervals, a "perambulator," substantially as
described, when hung concentrically to a revolving seed cylinder, C, and
operated in connection therewith, substantially in the manner and for
the purpose herein in specified.
2d, When operated in connectin with a revolving seed cylinder, the
arrangement and combination of the dropping tubes, t, and their
attachments with the tappet pins, T, and receiving basins, K, for
dropping and conveying the seed to the furrowers, substantially as set
forth.
3d, The pendant gage-bars, h, in combination with the gage plates, g,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,918.--WHIP RACK.--Charles A. Smith, Philadelphia, Pa.
I claim a whip rack composed of metal or other inelastic material, and
furnished with a series of divisions or apartments, with a hinged
tongue or flap in each, and suitable openings in each apartment for the
insertion and retention of a whip, substantially as described.
71,919.--METHOD OF HARDENING AND BLEACHING ARTICLES MADE OF SOAPSTONE,
TALC, ETC.--Henry Julius Smith, Boston, Mass., assignor to Joseph C.
Wightman, Newtonville, N. Y.
I claim, 1st, The heating in a closed vessel, and in contact with
carbon, the above described substances, or articles formed therefrom,
for the purpose of hardening and toughening the same, substantially as
above described.
2d, The removal, either before or after the hardening process, of
impurities producing discoloration, by the action of a bath of melted
chloride or sodium, or other chemical compound operating in like manner.
71,920.--HANDLE FOR TEA AND COFFEE POTS.--Enos E. Stow, Plantsville, Ct.
I claim a handle, as made hollow or tubular, and provided with openings
in or through it, that when applied to a pot or vessel, warm or heated
air may be caused to pass into and through and out of such handle,
substantially as and for the purpose specified.
71,921.--AERIAL CARRIAGE AND WAY.--Daniel Towse, Pittsburg, Pa.
I claim the combination of the endless wire rope or ropes, A A, pulleys,
T T T' T", and piers, B B B' B", with the suspended carriages, H H H H,
arranged and operating as specified.
71,922.--AERIAL CARRIAGE AND WAY.--Daniel Towse, Pittsburg, Pa.
I claim the combination of the wire ropes, A A, piers, B B B B, reel, F,
and rope, P, with the carriage, H, arranged and operating in the manner
set forth.
71,923.--AERIAL CARRIAGE AND WAY.--Daniel Towse, Pittsburg. Pa.
I claim the combination of the two aerial ways, A A' A" A'", the drum,
C, with the carriages, H H, and ropes, f f, constructed and operating as
specified.
71,924.--ATTACHMENT TO THE REGULATORS QF WATCHES--Wm. B. Tucker,
Hillsboro, Ohio.
I claim the combination of the screw-arbor, c, and the toothed segment,
e, with the regulating lever, d, and the scale base plate, a b,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
71,925.--BILLIARD CUE TIP.--Joseph A. Veazie, Boston, Mass.
I claim the new or improved composition, substantially as described, in
which ground leather is an important constituent.
Also, the combination of a layer of such composition and one or more
layers or strata of leather or caoutchouc, or both, such being for the
formation of cue tips, as explained.
71,926.--CAR SPRING.--Richard Vose, New York city.
I claim a volute spring, formed or constructed of a coiled metallic bar,
whose thickness is greater transversely upon one edge thereof than at
any other point therein, substantially as and for the purpose herein set
forth.
71,927.--APPARATUS FOR TURNING ON GAS.--W.P. Wage [assignor to himself
and M. Clarke], Barre Centre, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The cylinder, E, and the piston, F, in combination with
the lever, D, or their equivalent, operated by the means and in the
manner and for the purpose specified.
2d, Lighting gas by electricity, in combination with the apparatus above
described for turning on gas, as shown and described.
71,928.--HORSE HAY FORK.--George H. Waldo, Prattsburg, N.Y.
I claim the tines, b b, bail, f f, curved holding tine, I, spring, J,
pulley, l, rope, k, all constructed and operated substantially as herein
set forth.
91,929.--MACHINE FOR ROLLING LEATHER.--J.H. Walker, Worcester, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the horizontal way, G, slide, H,
and roll, b, with tables, K and M, and treadle operating device,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2d, The combination, with the pieces, C C, of the truss rods, E E,
bridge, F, way, G, and slide, H, substantially as and for the purposes
set forth.
71,930.--FERTILIZER AND CORN PLANTER COMBINED.--Samuel H. Wallize,
Washingtonville, Pa.
I claim the arrangement of the devices, slide, G, and roller, D, as
connected and operating together, with the crank, F, so as to drop the
guano and corn through a single spout, to prevent choking, as herein
described.
71,931.--WASHING MACHINE.--D.T. Ward, Cardington, O.
I claim, 1st, The segmental or convex washboard, E, actuated by levers,
D, in combination with the reciprocating washboard, F, and connecting
arms, H, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.
2d, In combination therewith, the spring, j, rod, k, and slots, I,
arranged and operating substantially as described.
3d, The gate, p, in combination with the horizontal reciprocating
washboard, F, and tub, A, arranged and operating substantially as and
for the purpose set forth.
71,932.--CORN PLANTER.--John R. Weber, Bourbon, Ind.
I claim, 1st, The springs, m, on the shaft, e, in combination with the
dropping cylinders, k, as and for the purpose described.
2d, The combination of the foot board, c', forked lever, d" m",
connecting rods, e", and cross piece, h", arranged and operating as
explained.
3d, The combination of the frame, B, elbow levers, m', connecting rods,
n' s', arms, o' t', and shafts, r' u', as and for the purpose set forth.
4th, The combination of the transverse shaft, v, sliding bar, s, hook,
r, pins, o, block, n, and dropping cylinders, k, substantially as
described.
5th, The combination of the crank, w, arm, x a', spring, b, and sliding
bar, s, arranged and operating as set forth.
6th, The combination of the lever, a", shaft, v, pinion, e', and spring,
e"', when used independently, or in connection with the frame, B,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,933.--BED BOTTOM.--David S. Williams, Coldwater, Mich.
I claim the combination of the loop, A, rods, B, spring band, C,
rods, D, webbing, E, slats, F, wires or equivalent, G, in the manner
described.
71,934.--INSTRUMENT FOR ADMINISTRATION OF ANAESTHETICS.--Osborn Wilson,
Aurora, Ill.
I claim, 1st, The construction of an instrument with inhaling and
exhaling tubes, provided with valves, working automatically and
alternately in opening and closing the tubes by the respiration of the
patient, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein
specified.
2d, Providing the instrument with a spring valve and air tube for
regulating the administration of nitrous oxide and other anaesthetics,
substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein specified.
3d, The construction and arrangement of stock, A, mouth piece, B,
inhaling and exhaling tubes, C' C, plate, D, air tube, E', valve, E,
spiral spring, b, valves, c c, rods, d d, fulcra, e e, arm, f, and rod,
g, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein specified.
71,935.--CIDER MILL AND PRESS.--Martin Winger, Ephrata, Pa.
I claim, 1st, A series of press boxes, D, with perforated sides and
an external cogged flange, d, all connected in the form of a wheel
revolving horizontally, with its cross-arms, N, secured centrally to
a vertical shaft, L, in combination with the bearing, M, and step, O,
sustained on a framework, A B B', all arranged substantially in the
manner and for the purpose specified.
2d, With the revolving press boxes, D, the press block and central
upright, K, E, pulley, G, guides, F, arms, e, in combination with the
inclined planes, H and R, all arranged and operating substantially in
the manner and for the purpose specified.
3d, In combination with the revolving box wheel, D D N N, and pressing
arrangement, the hinged drop bottom, Q, in combination with a series of
rollers or pulleys, P, or their equivalents, for the purpose and in the
manner shown and described.
4th. In combination with my horizontal box wheel, the arrangement of the
gearing and mill hopper, X, and crushers, W V, pinions, Y S, on shaft,
all combined substantially m the manner specified.
5th, In combination with an apple mill, a cider press, with a series of
presses in a horizontal revolving wheel, substantially as and for the
purposes specified.
71,936.--CURB FOR WATER WHEEL.--Albert Winton, Chambersburg, Pa.
I claim, 1st, The serpentine or double curved chute gates, O O, when
formed with surfaces tapering or sloping from their centers towards
their ends, and so arranged, relative to intermediately situated
diaphragms or plates, r r, that one of the tapering ends of said chute
gates, O O, shall project beyond the circumferences of the rims, a a c
e, and extend so as to enter slots, or between the prongs of fork-like
arms, K L K L, to be operated in the manner and for the purpose
substantially as described.
2d, The annular adjustable rim, or ring, i i, provided with the
fork-like arms, K L K L, and with the moving lever or crank, m, and
the fulcrum pin, h, all arranged to operate the chute gates, O O,
substantially as shown and described.
71,937.--HARVESTER.--James Winters and Charles C. Gapen, Lacon, Ill.
We claim the skeleton frame, A, or its equivalent, provided with an
adjustable clevis, and attached to the end of the tongue, or reaping and
mowing machines, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein
described and represented.
71,938.--SASH TOP.--Orson E. Woodbury, Madison, Wis.
I claim, 1st, The cam, slotted at H D I, forming bearings at either
extremity for the screw or other support, when the cam is operating
against the catch, C, at the points, F or O, all as described and for
the purpose specified.
2d, The catch, C, with the spikes, G G, constructed and used as and for
the purposes hereinbefore named.
71,939.--PEAT AND BRICK MACHINE.--Charles D. Wrightington, Fairhaven,
and Benjamin P. Rider, Boston, Mass.
We claim, 1st, In combination with the mold wheel having the series or
sets of molds in it, a series of plungers revolving with said wheel
and operated in succession by the eccentric journal and frame, Q,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
2d, Also in combination with a mold wheel having a series of cogs
interposed by a series of concave stops, blanks or abutments upon
its periphery, a drive wheel having cogs and a blank surface on its
perimeter so that the mold wheel may be moved, stopped and locked by
said drive wheel which has a continuous movement, substantially as and
for the purpose described.
3d, Also the location and arrangement of the cam over and around the
blank on the perimeter of the drive wheel so that while the mold wheel
is stopped and locked by said drive wheel which continues its movement
said drive wheel shall operate the pushers to discharge the pressed
bricks or blocks from the molds, substantially as described.
71,940.--.TOY.--Derrick Adams, Lansingburg, N.Y.
I claim an automatic toy having the legs of the horse and the head
and arm of the driver actuated by mechanical devices, in manner
substantially as herein described and for the purposes as set forth.
71,941.--EAVES TROUGH FASTENING.--Philip Ahn, Brandon Vt.
I claim the bolt, c, combined with the elastic strap, e, substantially
as and for the purpose described.
71,942.--INFLATING RUBBER BALLS.--Henry A. Alden, Fishkill, N.Y.,
assignor to the New York Rubber Company.
I claim the application to rubber balls or other hollow articles
requiring to be distended by inflation of the combined bulb and tube,
substantially in the manner and for the purposes herein shown and set
forth.
71,943.--REAMER.--Charles Allardice, Cohoes, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, A shank, A, formed substantially as described in
combination with the cutters, B, and nut or screw ring, O, the whole
operating as set forth.
2d, In combination with the shank, A, cutters, B, and nut, C, the nut,
e, bolt, g, and washer, g', formed as described and employed for the
purposes specified.
71,944.--BOLT ATTACHMENT TO DOOR LOCK.--William H. Andrews [assignor to
Burton Mallory], New Haven, Conn.
I claim the bolt, E, constructed arranged within the lock case in
combination with the follower, F, constructed with a cam, I, and spring,
H, so as to hold the bolt securely in both its locked and unlocked
position, substantially in the manner herein set forth.
71,945.--MECHANISM FOR PRESENTING PALM LEAF TO LOOMS.--Isaac Angell,
Malden, Mass.
I claim for employment in connection with a loom for weaving with palm
leaf or similar weft a mechanism substantially as set forth which
automatically presents in succession the entering ends of single pieces
of weft in such position with relation to the cross sectional form of
each that each piece will be carried into the shed or web flatwise.
Also the mechanism for effecting the elevation and release of the weft,
substantially as described.
Also the plate, d, with its rectangular perforations and the gate or
slide for clamping a single piece of weft projecting through the plate,
substantially as shown and described.
Also a mechanism substantially as set forth for "knocking off" the weft
raising mechanism when a piece of weft is presented.
71,946.--BLACKBOARD FOR SCHOOLS.--William Arroquuier, Worcester, Mass.
I claim covering the plaster, B, with a coating, C, composed of the
ingredients named and applied in the manner above described whereby the
proper color and roughness are obtained as set forth.
71,947.--MODE OF OPERATING SWELL IN MELODEONS.--C.E. Bacon [assignor to
himself. George A Prince and Calvin F.S. Thomas], Buffalo, N.Y.
I claim the arrangement of the swell pedals side by side with the
bellows pedals and contiguous to and parallel therewith, for the purpose
and substantially as described.
71,948.--MATERIALS FOR TRANSMITTING HEAT.--William C. Baker, New York
city.
I claim the employment of salted water, glycerin, or their equivalents,
to prevent freezing in transmitting and diffusing heat through ordinary
pipes, tubes or radiators for the purpose of warming and ventilating
railroad cars, public vehicles and buildings, substantially as herein
described.
71,949.--LAMP BURNER.--George E. Baldwin (assignor to E. Miller & Co.),
West Meriden, Conn.
I claim the arrangement of the auxiliary or ventilating tube, E, with
the wick tube, B, combined with a solid partition, F, in the base of the
burner so as to form a close chamber around the tubes and wick adjuster,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
71,950.--AUTOMATIC TOOTH PLUGGER.--Burr Bannister and George F. Green,
Kalamazoo, Mich.
We claim, 1st, The combination of an engine operated by means of
compressed air with a tooth plugger for the purpose set forth and
described.
2d, The lock, F, in connection with spring, 1, operated by cross head of
piston rod, in the manner and for the purpose specified.
71,951.--CAR COUPLING.--William F. Barlow (assignor to himself, James
Bower and W.A. Jackson), Monmouth, Ill.
I claim, 1st, The catch, C, slotted draw head, A, and weight, X,
combined as described and for the purpose set forth.
2d, The rods, M N and H, and elbow, K, combined as described and
operating in combination with the elements of the first claim arranged
substantially as described and for the purpose set forth.
3d, The weight, X, arranged as described for the purpose set forth.
71,952.--HARVESTER RAKE.--John Barnes, Rockford, Ill.
I claim 1st, The inclined serrations, h h h, on the face of the rake
head for the purpose of compacting the gavel.
2d, A compressor or supplementary rake pivoted to the rake handle and
moving parallel to the rake head, substantially as described.
3d, The combination substantially as described of an automatic rake, a
compresser and an interposed spring for the purpose set forth.
4th The combination substantially as described of a reel revolving
continuously on a horizontal shaft a rake mounted on the same shaft [on
trunnions arranged diagonally to the shaft], and a shipping device by
which the rake may be thrown into gear between any two of the beaters of
the reel and by which it may automatically be thrown out of gear at the
end of its stroke.
5th, The combination substantially as described of the inclined rake
handle with the trunnions or pivots revolving on the reel shaft, and
arranged diagonally thereto.
6th, The combination substantially as described of the rake handle
pivoted on trunnions diagonal to the reel shaft and the friction roller
with a guide vertical below the axis of the rake and deflected both
horizontally and laterally above that axis, as and for the purpose set
forth.
7th, The combination substantially as described of the rake handle
and shipping lever whereby the rake throws itself out of gear after
discharging the gavel.
8th, The combination substantially as described of a rake mounted on
trunnions revolving on a horizontal axis in a fixed relation to the
guide which controls the movements of the rake with a revolving reel
having an endwise movement on the same axis whereby the rake can be
thrown out of gear by moving the reel endwise without stopping the reel.
71,953.--TRY SQUARE AND BEVEL.--Samuel N. Batchelder, Prairie du Chien,
Wis.
I claim, 1st, The blade B, pivoted within the stock, A, and provided
with a hooked projection, e, by means of which and the hook slide, D,
the blade, B, may be set and held at any desired angle, substantially as
described and for the purpose specified.
2d, The hook slide, D, with the thumb screw, E, arranged and operating
substantially as shown and described for the purposes set forth.
3d, The spiral spring, F, in combination with a combined try square and
bevel, substantially as described.
71,954.--PLATE LIFTER.--David B Beaty, Aurora, Ind., assignor to himself
and James Lamb.
I claim the curved wires, B B B, having hooks at their lower ends and
connected to a handle, A, said handle being provided with a wire loop
formed into a spring which connects to the wires, B, so that by pressing
upon this spring, C, the wires, B, are caused to separate and release
the plate, all constructed as specified.
71,955.--SUSPENSION BRIDGE.--Charles Bender, N.Y. city.
I claim, 1st, The construction and arrangement of one or more yielding
joints connecting the beams or trusses of stiffened suspension bridges,
substantially as herein described.
2d, The attachment of the ends of the cables or chains at or near the
first or shore piers to the longitudinal beams or trusses of stiffened
suspension bridges, substantially as set forth.
3d The means and method by which the ends of the beams or trusses of
stiffened suspension bridges are secured to the shore piers by vertical
anchorage and the arrangement of suitable joints, v, in said anchors,
substantially for the purpose described.
4th, The means and method employed to reduce the side motion by
attaching the longitudinal beams or trusses of stiffened suspension
bridges to the central piers sidewise said attachment being on one pier
perfectly immovable in any horizontal direction while at the other
piers allowance is made for the variations of the length of the beams
substantially as set forth and described.
71,956.--FOLDING TRUNK.--O.K. Bernbaum, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim the folding ends in combination with the hinged sectional back
and front for the purposes herein fully described.
71,957.--SOFA BEDSTEAD.--Charles H. Berry, East Somerville, Mass.
I claim the combination of the lower position, a, the seat, b, and
head, d, and the hinged or movable panel, e, in a sofa or lounge,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,958.--CHURN.--Thomas Bisbing, Buckstown, Pa.
I claim the combination of the removable frame, B, sliding frame, C,
ratchet bar, G, and pinion wheel, H, with each other, with the body,
A, of the churn, and with the dasher shaft, I, substantially as herein
shown and described and for the purpose set forth.
71,959.--HAT-FELTING MACHINE.--Job W. Blackham, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The duplicate series of rolls, b and bN', and rubbers, C
and CN' or their equivalent, with their water pans, N N', and jets of
hot water or steam, as represented, arranged to operate together in the
manner and for the purpose herein specified.
2d, Mounting the reciprocating rubber over the bed of rolls so as to
allow of its ascent and descent by means of springs, substantially as
and for the purpose herein specified.
71,960.--BUILDERS' SCAFFOLD.--John E Bliss, Oxford, Ind.
I claim the combination of the right angled pivoted frame, A, and
adjustable sliding bars, B and D, with each other, substantially as
herein shown and described and for the purpose set forth.
71,961.--SUBSTITUTE FOR MILK FOR CATTLE.--Rufus K. Blodgett, near
Fulton, Ill.
I claim, 1st The use of white or blue clay, when used for the purpose
above specified.
2d, The combination of flour, catechu and clay, when mixed and used for
the purposes above set forth.
71,962.--FIRE LADDER.--Johan Blomgren, Galesburg, Ill.
I claim, 1st, The stuffing coil, O, inserted into the lower port of
the tube H H', and forced up or down in the tube by the cog wheel, M,
substantially as and for the purpose specified.
2d, The basket, R, in combination with a fire escape having the hinged
side, T, and the adjusting rod, S, substantially as and for the purpose
described.
3d, The construction of the stuffig coil, O, substantially as and for
the purpose specified.
71,963.--SAFETY GUN LOCK.--Charles Bowlen, Milwaukee, Wis.
I claim tumbler, F, with its pin, G, in combination with dog, H, with
its slot, I, substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,964.--VENTILATOR FOR BUILDINGS.--Thomas Boyd, Cambridgeport, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the chamber, A, with or without the
lenses, B, cone, C, and rods, D, constructed and arranged to operate
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2d, The combination of the oscillating cap, K, and elastic pads, I,
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3d, The arrangement of the chamber, A, cone, C, pipes E and H, and
cones, G and K, substantially as set forth.
71,965.--DOOR LATCH.--Purmort Bradford (assignor to Sargent & Co.), New
Haven, Conn.
I claim the construction of the latch bolt with the pivot bearings, a
and b, upon opposite sides combined with a single central pivot upon the
plate so as to be adjustable for a right or left-hand door and the said
plate constructed with a slot through which the latch is operated, in
the manner herein set forth.
71,966.--PLOW.--Harvey Briggs, Smithland, Ky.
I claim, 1st, Forming the land side, mold board frame and upper
and lower strengthening floors, b1 and b2, solid in one piece B,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.
2d, The combination of the conical rollers, D, and their boxing frame,
H, with the mold board frame, B, substantially as herein shown and
described and for the purpose set forth.
3d, Forming the boxing frame, H, in two parts, substantially as herein
shown and described and for the purpose set forth.
4th, forming an oil trench or channel, J, in the boxing frame, II
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.
5th, The combination of the elastic washers or packing, I, with the
journals and bearings of the rollers and wheels, substantially as herein
shown and described and for the purpose set forth.
6th, The combination of the adjustable friction wheel, F, and stationary
friction wheel, E, with the solid hand side and mold board frame, B,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.
7th, The combination of the vertical flanged friction roller, G, with
the land side of the plow, substantially as herein shown and described
and for the purpose set forth.
71,967.--PIANO STOOL.--Josua Briggs, Peterboro, N.H.
I claim, in combination with the pillar and feet, the socket block, m,
having recesses formed with side lips or flanges, o, to fit into groves,
q, in the feet and bottom seats, p, between which and the shoulder on
the pillar the feet are securely continued, substantially as described.
Also the center piece, w', fitting upon and covering the screw bolt and
nut which confine the pillar to the base, substantially as shown and
described.
Also constructing the socket block, m, with a center socket, t, into
which the tail piece of the pillar fits and is confined, substantially
as described.
Also making the screw spindle removable from the seat, substantially as
set forth.
71,968.--PLOW.--T.E.C. Brinly, Louisville, Ky.
I claim, 1st, The mode of attaching the beam, D, to the plows by a
socket, C, connected with the land side by braces, B B, substantially as
set forth.
2d, The combination of the socket, C, constructed with diagonal flanges,
C', the handles, and the beam, substantially as set forth.
71,969.--COMBINED SHOVEL AND SIFTER.--Stephen P. Brooks (assignor to
himself and Benjamin Woodward), Somerville, Mass.
I claim the within-described combined shovel and sifter, constructed and
operating substantially as set forth.
71,970.--SEAT AND DESK.--A.H. Brown, May's Landing, N.J.
I claim the hinged brace, J, passing through the guides, M, upon the
inside of the ends, B, of the seat and hinged to the outer edge of the
folding desk, H, all arranged as described whereby the gravity of the
brace, J, as the desk is raised causes the L-shaped notch, L, to fit and
catch in the guide, M, to hold the said desk raised, for the purpose
specified.
71,971.--GRAIN FORK.--E G. Bullis, Manchester, Iowa, assignor to Charles
J. Riggs, same place, and said Riggs assignor to D E. Lyon, Dubuque,
Iowa.
I claim, 1st, The combination of a band-cutting device with a pitching
fork, substantially as and for the purposes described.
2d, The combination of the rearwardly-extended parts of the tines, C,
the cross head, B, grooved bars, E, sliding cutter, F, and springs, L,
with each other, substantially as herein shown and described and for the
purpose set forth.
3d, The combination of the pivoted or jointed bars, G H I, with
the sliding cutter, F, shank, J, of the fork head and handle, A,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.
71,972.--SEED PLANTER.--Matthew S. Burdick. Milton, Wis., assignor for
himself and John M. May.
I claim, 1st, Thumb screw, I, in combination with part, H, and seed cup
bar, D, when constructed, connected together and used substantially as
and for the purposes described.
3d, Seed-cup bar, E, or its equivalent, when combined with seed-cup bar,
D, in the same planting machine so that corn and pumpkin seed and other
flat seeds, as squash and melon seeds, may be planted at one operation,
substantially as described.
3d, Spring, O, or its equivalent, attached to and combined with seed-cup
bar, E, substantially as and for the purposes described.
4th, Jaws or points, F and G, provided with partitions, h and h, for the
purpose of dividing the seed, when used in combination with parts, A and
A' B and E and N, substantially as described.
5th, A general arrangement and combination of legs or bars, A and A',
hoppers, B and C, seed-cup bars, D and E, covering, N, and jaws, F and
G, when constructed, connected together and used substantially as and
for the purposes described.
71,973.--PULLEY BLOCK.--John A. Burnap, Albany, N. Y.
I claim the arrangement of the frame, E, and pulley, F, through the eye
of which is inserted the frame, A, having a series of rollers, a a, the
whole constructed and used substantially as specified.
71,974.--SADIRON.--Jesse S. Butterfield and Joseph A. Reed,
Philadelphia, Pa.
We claim, 1st, The steadying, pin, d", in combination with the sectors,
d"' d"', on the guard-plate, d', the said parts being constructed and
arranged to operate in connection with the planes, a"' a"', on the
projection, a', substantially as and for the purpose described.
2d, The projection, a', on the base, A B, with its two opposite sectors
or inclined planes, a" a", constructed and arranged to receive and
hold down the inward ends, c" c", of the feet of the handle, C D,
substantially as described and set forth.
3d, The projecting ends, c" c", of the handle, C D, constructed and
arranged to operate in combination with the spaces, b' b', and planes,
a" a", substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,975.--PRUNING SHEAR.--Seth P. Carpenter, Milford, Mass.
I claim the new or improved manufacture of pruning shears, as
hereinbefore described, that is, as composed of the blades, a b, the
lever, C, the long shank, B, the lever, D, the open handles, C C', the
arm, f, and the rod, g, arranged and combined in manner, and for the
purpose, and to operate substantially as specified.
71,976.--WASHSTAND AND CLOTHES DRYER.--Frances H. Carrier, Bridgeport,
Conn.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the clothes drying apparatus with the
washbasin, when they are constructed, arranged, and fitted for use
substantially as herein described and set forth.
2d, The combination of the cups, b c d, or their equivalents, with the
wash basin, when they are constructed, arranged, and fitted for use as a
toilet apparatus, substantially as herein described and set forth.
71,977.--SPICE CASE.--John T. Carter and John Park. Lowell Mass.
We claim, 1st, The cups or boxes, c c, when arranged to operate
substantially as described, and for the purposes fully set forth.
2d, The springs, k k, in combination with the cups or boxes, c c, for
the purpose described and set forth.
3d, The combination and arrangement of the case, a, with its feet, d d
d, handle, e, loop, f, and shelves, b b b b, cups or boxes, c c, and
spring, k k, all for the purposes substantially as described and set
forth.
71,978.--APPARATUS FOR PAINTING OR GRAINING PAILS, ETC.--Jonathan
Carter, Winchendon, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the flexible painting or die printing
roll with the supplying roller, for painting, graining, ornamenting
pails, or other tapering articles.
2d, The mechanism for holding and revolving the pail, when mounted on a
bench or table, in combination with the movable printing or die roll,
operating substantially in the manner as and for the purposes set forth.
3d, Casting graining or other ornamental configurations on conical rolls
so as to form a continuous body, for the purposes herein described.
4th, Making die or printing conical rolls in sections, and securing
them to the staves so as to change their position for making a greater
variety of ornamental designs for graining and ornamenting hollow ware,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
5th, Applying a smooth coat or body of paint or varnish with a flexible
roller to pails, tubs, or other articles of hollow ware, substantially
in the manner herein set forth.
71,979.--SAWYERS' RULE.--Thos. Carter, Louisville, Ky.
I claim, 1st, A scale so constructed and adjusted that any two of the
three quantities of the thickness of the planks, the diameter of the
log, and the number of the planks cut or to be cut from the log being
given, the third of said quantities is read off from the scale in the
manner substantially as above set forth and described.
2d, A scale exhibiting the number of turns to be given to the screws of
the log carriage for cutting plank or boards of any desired thickness.
71,980.--CAST METAL CASE FOR SPRING BALANCE.--John Chatillon, New York
city.
I claim a cast metal case for spring balances, when provided with a
perforated or slotted upper head for the reception to the pin, b,
and when made substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and
described.
71,981.--VACUUM GRAIN DRYER.--Geo. Clark, Buffalo, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, the three essential features or parts: the air tight
grain chamber, the radiations heating pipes or floors, and the
vacuum-producing apparatus, combined and operating substantially as
herein set forth.
2d, the arrangement of the steam heating pipes within the grain chamber,
substantially as set forth.
3d, The graduated gage vessel, H, arranged as and for the purpose set
forth.
71,982.--DOOH LATCH.--Francis Clymer, Galion, Ohio.
I claim the mode of attaching a combined latch and hasp, B, and staple,
F, to doors, by means of slots, I and H, so as to permit the adjustment
of the same substantially as set forth.
71,983.--CLAMP.--Geo. H. Coo and Geo. H. Snow, New Haven, Conn.
We claim the herein described clamp, consisting of the head, C, upon one
arm of the body, [Transcribers note: illegible letter], the opposite
arm, provided with a corresponding foot, and the said head having
arranged therein levers, D, and combined with a screw, B, so as to
operate to clamp between the screw and the foot, substantially as set
forth.
71,984.--BOAT DETACHING TACKLE.--David L. Cohen, Pensacola. Fla.
I claim the combination of the notched bars, a a, with the grooved
blocks, B B, the sliding blocks, C, pitman, D D', and lever, F,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
71,985.--APPARATUS FOR ELEVATING WATER.--J.R. Cole, Keaton Station,
Tenn.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the chamber, F, provided with the short
pipes, p p', and the pipes, p", with the pumps, G H, and the chambers, C
D E, substantially as and for the purposes described.
2d, The combination and arrangement, for the purpose described, of the
chambers, C D E F, pipes, p p' p", P P' P", and pumps, G H, the latter
working alternately, so as to maintain a constant pressure upon the
water in the chambers, substantially in the manner specified.
71,986.--TACK HAMMER.--Thomas A. Conklin, New Britain. Conn.
I claim, as a new article of manufacture, a tack hammer, constructed
in the manner and With the characteristics herein specified, for the
purposes set forth.
71,987.--FLOOR CLAMP.--Wm. Conner and C. W. Mitchell, Wilmington, Del.
We claim the combination of the frame, a, with the screws, b and d d,
with the wedge blocks, e e, wedges, f f, and plates i i, constructed and
arranged, as herein described, to operate as a clamp for clamping ship
timber, flooring, and other carpenters' work.
71,988.--BUTTON.--Geo. Cooke, Winchester, Mass.
I claim a button or stud, its shank attached by means of a disk formed
concave, and subsequently compressed, substantially as described.
71,989.--HARVESTER.--Francis C. Coppage, Terre Haute, Ind.
I claim 1st, The combination of the double or alternate step wheel, E,
having the inclined steps, e e e, with the two stepping-dogs, D D',
and the springs, x x, when the said parts are constructed and arrange
substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.
2d, The combination and arrangement of the adjusting rod, n o", with the
cylindrical sleeve, O', the sleeve or slide, O"', the post, P, and the
reel, O"', in such a manner that while the post P, supports the reel,
the elevation of the latter is adjusted by the compound rod, n o",
substantially as and for the purposes specified.
3d, The rod, H, having the crank, h, and the worm, h', in combination
with the worm segment, i, the shaft, I, the winding arm or segment, i',
and the chain, K, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
71,990.--MACHINE FOR STRETCHING CLOTH.--A.C. Corpe, Stafford, Conn.
I claim, 1st, The two gear clamps, B B, composed each of two wheels, a
a', one placed above the other, and the upper wheels arranged so as to
be capable of adjustment, both vertically and laterally, substantially
as shown and described.
2d, The arrangement of gearing, as shown, in connection with the gear
clamps, B B, and roller, C, whereby an equal movement of the clamps is
insured, substantially as shown and described.
3d, The supplemental frame, E, provided with the roller, D, upon which
the cloth is wound, in connection with the gearing, k u, clutch, o,
driving pulley, m, and shaft, l, all arranged substantially as shown and
described.
71,991.--ROLLER FOR DRESSING.--Benjamin R. Cotton, Lewiston, Me.
I claim as an improved dresser roll, a stone roll covered with the
surfacing metal, or metal composition, substantially as set forth.
Also, the method of surfacing a roll by placing around or over a central
roll a metal frame as a base upon which to cement the surface metal, and
the surfacing such frame, substantially as set forth.
71,992.--WAGON LOCK.--James A. Counts, Indianapolis, Iowa. I claim the
catch, g, the bands, h h, the spring, the bar, e, lever, k, for the
purposes set forth and described.
71,993.--HAME TUG.--Jas. C. Covert, Townsendville, N. Y.
I claim, 1st, The metallic hames tug, A, provided with the V-shaped
openings, C, having inclined sides, and the tongues, D, adapted to
receive the V-shaped block, O, formed upon the block, N, of the trace
strap and block, O, held in place by means of the pin upon the spring
lever stop, Q, fitting in the groove, P, in the end of tongue, D, of the
hame tug, as herein described for the purpose specified.
2d, The hame clip, fastened by bolts to the hame tug, substantially as
herein described and for the purpose specified.
3d, The block, N, upon the trace strap, when provided with the V-shaped
block, C, and the spring lever, Q, as herein described for the purpose
specified.
71,994.--HARVESTER RAKE.--James. S. Crump, Williamsburg, Mo.
I claim, 1st, The curved eccentric arm, I, applied to the rock shaft, E,
and operated in the manner and for the purpose described.
2d, The swinging lever, M, or its equivalent, in combination with the
curved eccentric arm for operating the platform, as described.
3d, The arrangement of one or more springs in combination with the
curved eccentric arm, I, for the purpose set forth.
4th, The manner of adjusting the hight of the swinging platform upon the
supporting arms and uprights, as described.
5th, The adjustable cant or deflecting boards, C, in combination with
the swinging platform, as described.
71,995.--WASHING MACHINE.--S.W. Curtiss, Sugar Grove, Pa.
I claim an improved washing machine, consisting box, A, provided with
blocks, H, and roller, E, the hinged frame, B, having rollers, C D,
and handle, G, all constructed, arranged and operating as and for the
purpose set forth.
71,998.--MACHINE FOR FORMING HAT BODIES.--Francis Degen, Newark. N.J.
I claim, 1st, A hat body formed partly of common and partly of fine
stock, by first blowing on the cone a belt of fine stock, then over the
whole cone a quantity of common stock, and finally a quantity of fine
stock, substantially as set forth.
2d, The close fitting cap, B, in combination with the perforated cone,
A, of a machine for forming hat bodies, substantially as and for the
purpose described.
3d, The slide, D, in combination with the trunk, C, cap, B, and
perforated cone, A, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
71,997.--MAIL-BAG FASTENER.--S. Denison, Portlandville, N.Y.
I claim the hooks, C, constructed substantially as herein shown and
described, in combination with the straps, D and F, with the bag, B, and
staples, A, as and for the purpose set forth.
71,998.--SAWBUCK.--Henry J. Dill, Cummington, Mass.
I claim the clamps, D, the treadle, E', the arms, E, springs, F', and
rods, F, constructed, arranged, and operating, in combination with the
stationary part, A, substantially as shown and described for the purpose
set forth.
71,999.--CARRIAGE FOR ROCK DRILL.--Thomas Doane, Boston, Mass. I claim
the arrangement of the round bars, E F G and H, of a rock drill carriage
into a frame, for the reception of rock drilling machines which shall be
able to reach therefrom any point where it is desirable to bore a hole,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
2d, The position of the horizontal round bars, E and F, under an acute
(more or less) angle, d, to the side frame of a rock drill carriage, or
to the alignment of the tunnel, substantially as and for the purpose set
forth.
3d, The construction of a rock drill carriage for driving a tunnel or
mine so as to swing in a vertical direction on the forward wheels and
axle, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
72,000.--RAILWAY CHAIR.--John H. Downing, Salem, Mass.
I claim the single-headed chair, A, in combination with a sectional
railroad rail, arranged as and for the purpose shown and described.
72,001.--ROTARY PUMP.--John Doyle, Hoboken, N. J., and Timothy A.
Martin, New York city.
We claim the two drums, A C, placed concentrically one within the other,
the chamber, D, air passages, E E', valves, F G, and tubular journals,
B B', all arranged and combined to operate in connection with water or
other liquid placed in the space or spaces between the two drums, A C,
substantially in the manner as and for the purpose specified.
72,002.--GRINDING MILL.--James F. Drummond, New York city.
I claim the tubular inlet-journal, b, having its interior contracted
around the feed pipe at one point, and thence flaring toward the
cylinder and the blast pipe, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.
72,003.--PIVOT GEARING.--Joseph J. Duchesne, Lacon, Ill.
I claim the circular bed plate, A, in combination with the pinion
plate, B, and coupling plate, C, secured by the set screw, S, the whole
arranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
72,004.--CULTIVATOR.--William Duffner, Petersburg, Ind.
I claim the cultivator composed of the elements, A B B' C D E F H I J N,
and the device for regulating the depth of the shovels, composed of the
elements, G K L M P, constructed and arranged as set forth.
72,005.--WOVEN FABRIC.--J. Renshaw, East Greenwhich, R.I.
I claim the fabric, herein described, as a new article of manufacture.
72,006.--HORSE RAKE.--Edward A. Field, Sidney, Me.
I claim, 1st, The application of each tooth, E, to its arm, D, by means
of a round tenon arranged at an obtuse angle with the axis of the tooth,
and going into the arm, the same being substantially as and for the
purpose described.
2d, Also, the combination as well as the arrangement of the adjustable
brace d, and the staple or clasping wire, f, with the arm and the tooth,
when applid by means substantially as specified, viz., a cylindrical
tenon arranged at an obtuse angle with the axis of the tooth, and going
into a corresponding hole made in the arm.
3d, Also, the combination of the damping screw, h, with the arm, and the
tooth applied to such arm by a tenon arranged at an obtuse angle with
the axis of the tooth as specified.
4th, Also, the arrangement of the rope, or its equivalent, with the
several arms and their teeth, and the braces thereof, the said rope
being to operate as and for the purpose specified.
72,007.--PUNCH FOR FORMING CLASP.--Charles D. Flesche, New York city.
I claim the sliding punch, B, in combination with the plates, A A',
cutters, b b, an spring, e, substantially as and for the purpose herein
shown and described.
72,008.--SELF-FASTENING SPRING FOR WEBBING.--John Flinn, Philadelphia,
Pa., assignor to Archer Steel, same place.
I claim a spiral spring, for webbing, having the wire at one end of the
spiral coils, A A, bent in the manner described and shown by B C D E,
for the purpose specified.
72,009.--CARVING KNIFE AND FORK HOLDER.--Alden T. Foster, Albany, N.Y.
I claim, as an article of manufacture, the dish or stand, A, constructed
substantially as described, with notches, a a and c c, as and for the
purpose set forth.
72,010.--LAMP CHIMNEY.--Sam'l W. Fowler, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim the construction of the glass chimney, with its concave and
convex deflectors, J and E, on each side, and collar, B, beneath, with
its projections, C C, as herein described and for the purposes set
forth.
72,011.--CARTRIDGE BOX.--William Freeborn, Tivoli, N.Y.
I claim the square box, A, made of leather or any suitable material,
when constructed with a series of round, fluted, or ruffled holders,
B, on the inside, made of any firm or flexible material, a series of
holders, B, being attached to each flap, C, in front, and the flaps
buttoning to the sides of the box, A, as herein described and for the
purpose set forth.
72,012.--DEVICE FOR HITCHING HORSES.--Samuel Galbraith, New Orleans, La.
I claim the device above described, consisting of the rings, A and B,
and the pivoted curved jaws, C C, meeting at one extremity at e' e',
and connected at the other by means of the rods, r r, and springs, s,
working in the tube, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
72,013.--CAPPING SCREWS.--J. Gardner, New Haven, Conn.
I claim, 1st, Cutting away or depressing the cap at the point where it
meets the nick in the screw head, substantially as described, so that
such cut away or depressed portion, while connected with and forming
part of the cap shall lie within outline the nick in the screw head, as
set forth.
2d, A capped screw in which the slot or depression in the cap
corresponding to the nick in the screw head is forced, substantially in
the manner and for the purposes herein shown and described.
72,014.--TIGHT AND LOOSE PULLEY.--Joseph P. Gates, Lincoln, Ill.
I claim the construction of the pulley, e, in two sections, with the
arrangement and combination of the ram spring, F, the rebound guard, G,
the stop flange, I, the case dog, J, and spring, K, the case dog ram,
L, the shuttle key, P, and stands, Z, and arm, b, with cam, a, when
constructed, arranged, and operated as herein described and for the
purposes set forth.
72,015.--BRICK MACHINE.--Samuel Gissinger, Allegheny City, Pa.
I claim, 1st, The device for moving the mold on to the roller way, G,
consisting of the arm, l, held by a spring, m', lever, m, pin, n, on the
gear wheel, o, and block, j, moving in the slot, h, substantially as
described.
2d, The device for moving the molds under the hopper, consisting of the
gear wheel, p, operated by the gear wheel, c, arm, k', and block, k,
moving the slot, l, substantially as described.
3d, In combination with the above, the gear wheel, o, shaft, B, grinding
knives, C, stationary knives, D, and fillers, F, in the hopper, A,
substantially as and for the purposes described.
4th, The roller way, O, provided with openings and rollers, g and g',
substantially as and for the purposes described.
72,016.--HARVESTER RAKE.--James H. Glass and Albert J Glass, McGregor,
Iowa.
We claim, 1st, The combination of the wheel, L, with the rake wheel, A
and arms, C, substantially as herein shown and described and for the
purpose set forth.
2d, The combination of the cam, O, and bent or crooked lever, M,
with the shaft N, of the gear wheel, L, and with the arm, I, rigidly
connected with the switch, F, substantially as herein shown and
described and for the purpose set forth.
72,017.--METHOD OF MOLDING PLASTIC MATERIAL.--Wm. B, Gleason, Boston,
Mass.
I claim the process substantially as and for the purposes specified.
72,018.--HAND CULTIVATOR.--Wm. C. Goodwin, Hampden, Conn.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the frame, C, with frame, G, and the
set screws, x and y, and binding screw, f, when they are constructed,
arranged, and fitted for adjusting the blades, substantially as herein
described and set, forth.
2d, The combination of the blade with the foot and shank, when the foot
is made with a keel, like v, to guide the blade and strengthen the
shank, substantially as herein described and set forth.
3d, The combination of the handle, D, with the frame, G, when the handle
is made adjustable by means of the tongue, h, and set screw, j, and the
whole is constructed, combined, and fitted for use substantially as
herein described and set forth.
72,019.--APPARATUS FOR MAKING DIPPED CANDLES.--Peter R. Gottstein,
Houghton, Mich.
I claim, 1st, The combination and arrangement, substantially as
described, of the weighted cistern, B, car, A, and straps, C, for the
purpose set forth.
2d, The combination of the cistern, B, car, A, and track, I,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
3d, The combination and arrangement of the slab or board, J, with the
weighted cistern, B, substantially as and for the purpose described.
4th, The new process of producing dipped candles by raising the molten
tallow or other liquid to the wicks, substantially as described.
72,020.--CORN SHELLER.--Joseph Gould, Grinnell, Iowa.
I claim the roller, C, having its teeth placed upon its face in
the manner herein described, and placed within the box between the
stationary board, b, and adjustable board, F, by means of its curved
springs or oblong slot, when used in combination with metallic inclined
plane, E, and hopper, B, with false bottom, as herein set forth.
72,021.--KNIFE CLEANER.--Lewis Goulding, Medfield, assignor to himself
and James E. Carpenter, Foxborough, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The combination in an implement for scouring knives, of
the bar, B, with its adjustable pad, g, arranged for operation as and
for the purposes herein shown and described.
2d, Also in combination with the board or tablet, A, the bar, B,
provided with the scouring pad, g, and pivoted to such board, and
operating with its upper surface, or upon an inclined bed formed
thereon, essentially as herein set forth and explained.
3d, Also the combination with the bar, B, and its pad, of the knife
bed and the enclosure for holding and receiving the scouring material,
arranged relatively to each other and to the bar, B, as herein shown and
set forth.
72,022.--FENCE POST.--David M. Graham, Evansville, Ind.
I claim, 1st, The construction of double portable fence posts, attached
by metallic bevel clasps, with flanges, slots, and tongues, and secured
by keys, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein
described and shown.
2d, The adjustable anchors or braces attached by metallic eyes and key,
and the combination of the feet of the posts and base, substantially in
the manner and for the purposes as herein described.
72,023.--STEAM GAGE.--Albert S. Greene (assignor to John F. Olmsted),
Washington, D.C.
I claim, 1st, The construction of a steam gage with two columns
of mercury, A and F, communicating with each other at their lower
extremities by means of the flexible diaphragms, c and d. and the solid
double-headed lifter C, substantially in the manner and for the purpose
as herein set forth.
2d, The solid double headed lifter, C, in combination with the flexible
diaphragms, c and d, and the primary and secondary reservoirs,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose as herein set forth.
3d, The transmission of the pressure of steam from one column to the
other by means of a solid double headed lifter, in combination with the
flexible diaphragms, c and d, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose as herein set forth.
4th, Providing the primary reservoir, I, with the screw plunger, H,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose as herein set forth.
72,024.--MACHINE FOR WALL BUILDING AND STUMP EXTRACTING.--Thomas S.
Greenman, Mystic Bridge, assignor to George W. Packer, Jr., Mystic
River, Conn.
I claim, 1st, The within described novel construction of a truss for a
wall building machine, the same consisting in the pyramidal framing, A B
B, the horizontal timbers, D D, uprights. E F, holding-down bolts G J,
and inclined braces, I H, combined and arranged substantially as and for
the purpose herein set forth.
2d, Also in such truss firmly securing the timbers, D D, to the
pyramidal framing, A B B, by enlarging and bolting, or equivalent
fastenings, at the points of contact, in addition to the truss work
before described, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.
3d, Also the diagonal arrangement of the holding-down bolts, G, at the
front of my truss, the same being arranged relatively to the timbers, D,
triangular frame, A B B, and their several connections, substantially in
the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
72,025.--WINDOW SCREEN.--A.W. Griffith, Roxbury, Mass.
I claim the roller cover, E, in combination with the removable screen,
D, spring roller, C, sash, A, and window frame, as herein described for
the purpose specified.
72,026.--FERTILIZER.--Wm.C. Grimes, Ladiesburg, Md.
I claim forming a fertilizer in the manner herein described, of the
ingredients and proportions substantially as specified.
72,027.--CULTIVATOR.--John Gross and John C. Tunison, Decatur, Ill.
We claim, 1st, the arrangement and combined action of the two frames, so
that when any permanent obstruction comes against any of the plows the
frames will disconnect, and the back frame ride or move up on the front
one and thus avoid breakage, substantially as described.
2d, Also a frictional spring hook upon the tongue or tongue frame, for
catching or holding upon a cross bar of the rear frame so that the two
frames will not disconnect until the pressure upon the plow or plows
exceeds that for which the hook has been adjusted, substantially as
described.
72,028.--HOSE SHIELD.--John A. Hasse, Philadelphia, Pa.
I claim the combination of the floor or footway, C, with the side
pieces, b b, of a sectional hose bridge, constructed substantially as
described.
72,029.--SKY ROCKET.--John W. Hadfield, Newtown, N.Y.
I claim the application of detachable wings to a sky rocket, through the
medium of a collar or band, arranged so that the wings may be detached
from the collar or band, or the latter detached from the rocket,
substantially as shown and described.
72,030.--SKY ROCKET.--John W. Hadfield, East Williamsburg, N.Y.
I claim the attachment to a sky rocket of three or more sticks, at equal
distances apart, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set
forth.
72,031.--MACHINE FOR REFITTING CONICAL VALVE.--Chas. F. Hall, Brooklyn,
N.Y.
I claim, last, A milling tool with one or more cutters attached to one
or more arms or longitudinal sections of a cone, whether straight
or oblique, whereby conical valves of different sizes may refitted,
constructed substantially as shown and described.
2d, In combination therewith, the yielding center, C, substantially as
described.
72,032.--COLLECTING OXIDE OF ZINC.--Geo.C. Hall, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, A building, structure, or compartment, A, provided with
openings, a, covered by screens, B, substantially as and for the purpose
set forth,
2d, A screen for separating the oxide of zinc from the fumes and gases
of burning zinc ore, composed of ground cork, hair, wool, sponge, or
other suitable or similar material, confined within a suitable chamber,
substantially as set forth.
72,033.--REGISTER FOR ODOMETERS.--Henry F. Hart, New York City.
I claim the arrangement in an inclined position of the counting wheels,
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, upon shafts of equal lengths, in combination with
the notched and perforated lid, B, as herein shown and described.
72,034.--NECKTIE.--Wm.H. Hart, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa.
I claim a bow or tie, A, having an elastic loop or cord, B, arranged
horizontally at its rear, with both of its ends free, for the purpose
substantially as described.
72,035.--ELLIPTIC CARRIAGE SPRING.--Horace R. Hawkins, Akron. Ohio.
I claim an elliptical carriage spring composed of a single piece, F, or
two separate pieces, E E, of steel, united by means of blocks and bolts,
substantially as herein shown and specified.
72,038.--HATCH-LINING DRAWINGS.--E.K. Haynes, Hanover, N.H.
I claim a straight-edge or scale having a mechanism for effecting an
intermittent movement of the same, substantially as described.
Also in combination therewith the tongue, q, tor angular lining,
substantially as described.
Also in combination with the feed mechanism, a mechanism for presenting
the straight edge in positions radiating from a center, substantially as
set forth.
72,037.--PLATFORM SCALE.--D. Hazzard, Milton, Del.
I claim the Hollow stand, A, the spindle, C, the springs, D, the
elastic rod, G, and the graduated plate, H, in combination and arranged
substantially as shown and described tor the purposes set forth.
72,038.--PIANO LOCK.--Adam Helmstaedter, Newark, N.J.
I claim the pin, a, secured in the oscillating hook, C, and catching in
a slot in the hook, C', substantially as and tor the purpose described.
72,039.--TWEER.--John B. Himberg, Frederick City, Md.
I claim a tweer consisting of the box, A, annular cover, C, with a
convex under side, and of the removable ring, E, from which the concave
plate, F, is suspended, all made and operating substantially as herein
shown and described.
72,040.--LAMP FOR BURNING PETROLEUM.--James Hinks and Joseph Hinks,
Birmingham, England.
We claim, 1st, Constructing the burners of the said lamps substantially
in the manner hereinbefore described and illustrated in figs. 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, and 6, of the accompanying drawings, that is to say, the
combination in the same burner, of two or more flat or curved wick cases
or holders, in which two or more flat wicks are placed, so as to produce
thereby two or more flat flames or elliptical of nearly circular flames.
2d, Constructing and arranging the shade holders or galleries of the
said lamps for the purpose of admitting air to the flames, substantially
in the manner hereinbefore described, and illustrated in figs. 7, 11, 12
13 and 14, of the accompanying drawings.
3d, Supporting the shade holders or galleries in a vase, or cup on the
top of the pillar of the lamp, and supplying air to the lamp through
the said pillar or vase, or supporting them in a cup or vase without
a pillar, the air in this case being supplied through the vase,
substantially in the manner hereinbefore described, and illustrated in
fig. 7 of the accompanying drawings.
4th, The improvement described and illustrated in figs. 11, 12, 13, and
14, of the accompanying drawings, for isolating the shade from the shade
holder or gallery.
5th, The arrangement or combination of the parts of punkah-protectors or
wind protectors, substantially in the manner hereinbefore described, and
illustrated in figs. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, and 16, of the accompanying
drawings.
72,041.--DEVICE FOR LASHING AND BINDING.--John M. Hirlinger, Red Rock,
Pa.
I claim the cord, A, provided with the links, B and C, hooked lever, D,
and slide, E, with its ring, a, arranged and used as and for the purpose
set forth.
72,042.--TOOL FOR OPENING FRUIT CANS.--Horace Holt, New York city.
I claim, 1st, A tool for opening sheet metal cans, composed of a hand
lever, B, carrying a tooth, c, and connected to tongs, A, or other
equivalent means, capable of clamping said tooth-carrying lever to the
can, as set forth.
2d, Placing the tooth, c, in an oblique direction, when the same is
used in combination with the hand lever, B, and clamping device A,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
3d, The raised bearing, d, in combination with the lever, B, and
clamping device, A, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
72,043.--MOP WRINGER.--Zadok Howe, Lowell, Mich.
I claim the treadle, G, and spring bail, E, in combination with the
rollers, B and C, the same being used as and for the purpose specified.
72,044.--MACHINE FOR MAKING EYELETS.--David K. Hoxsie, Providence, R.I.
I claim the combination of the eyelet forming punch, C, the eyelet
forming die, e, and the punch, G, arranged and operating substantially
as herein described, for the purpose set forth.
Also, in combination with the eyelet forming punch, J, and cutting
punch, H, as described, the spring or snapper, g, arranged and operating
substantially as described, for the purpose specified.
72,045.--RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR.--George W. Hunt, Hopkinton, Mass.
I claim the construction and arrangement of the backs of car seats, by
which the whole of some of the backs, and parts of others, are formed
into berths, in connection with adjacent seats, substantially as
described.
Also, the combination of the leaves, n, p, and q, hinged as shown, and
to fold together, for a day car, or to be extended and made into a berth
for a night car, substantially as described.
72,046.--HARVESTER.--George M. Jackson, North Hector, N.Y.
I claim the arrangement and combination of the toothed wheels, S and
T, crank, U, box, W, of the hinged frame, V, adjustable finger bar, J,
hoisting rope or chain, Y, and lever, Z, when constructed and operated
as herein described and for the purposes set forth.
72,047.--REVERSIBLE SADIRON.--S.M. Johnson, Lockport, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The combination, with a reversible sadiron, A, of the
hollow handle, C, forming a reservoir, i, the pipe, D, leg, l, and set
screw, H, or equivalent, arrranged and operating substantially in the
manner and for the purpose set forth.
2d, Also, in combination therewith, the pipe, E, provided with burner,
e, cone, G, and stop-cock, F, arranged and operating substantially as
specified.
72,048.--BOOT AND SHOE.--William Keats, and John Keats, Street, England.
We claim the construction of coverings for the feet, substantially
hereinbefore set forth, that is so say, with the sole cut at the edge,
and sewed to the edge of the upper while turned outward, substantially
as described.
72,049.--MUFF.--M.A. King, New York city.
I claim a muff provided with the skeleton spring frame B, made in
sections, for the purpose of sustaining its cylindrical form, and
adapting it for use as a reticule or pocket, substantially as shown and
described.
72,050.--HORSE HAY FORK.--Alfred Knapp, North Fairfield, Ohio.
I claim the hinged chisel, c, in combination with the main piece, A,
rod, B, brace piece, G, and holder, D, constructed substantially as
described, and for the purposes set forth.
72,051.--FIFTH WHEEL FOR CARRIAGES.--Joshua Lawrence, Palmyra, N.Y.
I claim the combination of the housings, a a, inclosing the rollers, b
b, with the bows, G H, the whole conducted and arranged as described,
and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth.
72,052.--WASHING-MACHINE.--J.Q. Leffingwell, Nevada, Iowa.
I claim the combination of the semi-cylindrical box, D, segment, W,
pinion
P, parts, m m', lever, H, and ribs, r, as herein described, for the
purpose specified.
72,053.--DOOR-FASTENER.--Francis C. Levaliey, Warnerville, N.Y.
I claim the sliding wedge bolt, F, in combination with the sliding
spring catch, K, and cases, E J, as herein described, for the purpose
specified.
72,054.--CONDENSING ENGINE.--William A. Lighthall, New York city.
I claim the arrangement of the ordinary jet condenser, B, air pump, D,
and hot well, E, with the surface condenser, F, and the valves, H K, and
L, as shown and described, so that the change from the use of the jet
condenser can be made at will, and _vice versa_,
73,055.--MACHINE FOR FORMING AND TEMPERING ELLIPTIC SPRINGS.--Geo. S.
Long, Bridgeport, Ct.
I claim, 1st, A steel spring former, substantially as shown and
described, and for the purposes set forth.
2d, The vibrating rod, B, and shoe, f', and any former, F, in
combination with the slotted wheel, W, and roller, W', substantially as
shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
3d, The hollow shaft, s', and roller, W, in combination with the binder
or presser, D, substantially as shown and described, and for the
purposes set forth.
4th, The sliding crank pin, p, in combination with the slotted wheel, W,
and slotted vibrating rod, B, substantially as shown and described, and
for the purposes set forth.
72,056.--FURNACE FOR HOT AIR BLAST.--Richard Long, Chillicothe, Ohio.
I claim, 1st, Constructing the air pipe of a furnace-blast heater of
fire clay, substantially as described.
2d, Constructing the air pipe of an oval or other equivalent form, and
uniting the sections of which it is composed by socket joints, with
clumps and keys, substantially as shown and described.
3d, Forming the supporting walls, B, of firebrick, with iron plates
between the courses, substantially as shown and described,
4th, Placing an open or a solid plate beneath the air pipe,
substantially as and for the purposes herein described.
72,057.--CLOTHES RACK.--Eugene F. Lyman, Indianapolis, Ind.
I claim the combination and arrangement of the semi-circular racks G and
H, the arms, f and c, the sockets and staples for the arms, and the box,
A B C D, all operating substantially as and for the purpose specified.
72,058.--CENTER BOARD FOR VESSELS.--E. J. McFarlin, San Francisco, Cal.
I claim the location of the center boards, or other equivalent devices
for the same specific purpose, in the extreme bow and stern of vessels,
that is to say, the placing of the said boards forward of the foremast
or aft of the mainmast, in two masted vessels, and forward of
the foremast and aft of the mizzen mast in three masted vessels,
substantially as shown and described, and for the objects and purposes
specified.
72,059.--REGISTER POINTS FOR PRINTING PRESS.--E. W. McGowan, New York
city.
I claim, 1st, The pivoted or jointed pointer, B, having a spring or
equivalent weight attached, and arranged to operate in the manner
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2d, The tube, A, provided with the slotted cap plate, b, and the nut, C,
when used in connection with the pointer, for the purpose specified.
72,060.--ROOFING.--Orville Manly, Garrettsville, Ohio.
I claim, 1st, a roof composed of tiles, a and b, having spaces, S,
between them for a water tight cement, substantially as shown and
described, and for the purposes set forth.
2d, The saturated tiles, a, and the saturated tiles, b, substantially as
shown and described, and for the purposes set forth.
3d, The lower or outer row of tiles, b, when laid together, forming an
eaves trough, substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose
set forth.
72,061.--REFINING CAST IRON AND CONVERTING IT INTO STEEL.--Emile Martin
and Pierre E. Martin, Paris, France.
We claim the method and means for refining and converting cast iron
into cast steel and other metals, substantially as herein shown and
described.
72,062.--STRAW CUTTER.--John W. Mauzy, Richmond, and James Hughes,
Cambridge, Ind., assignor to James Hughes.
We claim, 1st, The combination of the side pieces, D D, constructed
as described, containing the bearings for the cutting mechanism, the
shearing bar, B, with square faces, and the spirally bladed knife, C,
arranged substantially as described.
2d, The combination of the perforated rollers, E, ratchet wheels, F,
pawls, H1, i add R, adjustable oscillating arm, G1, eccentric rod, L,
and eccentric, M, respectively, constructed and arranged substantially
as set forth.
3d, The arrangement of the cap, G, rollers, E E, covers, Q, sides
pieces, D D, knife, C, and the driving and the feed mechanism,
constructed and combined substantially as set forth.
4th, The feed rollers E, when constructed from sheet metal, and punched
from the inside, forming projections as shown, for feeding the straw to
the knife.
5th, The metallic side pieces, D D, constructed as described, in
combination with the bar, B, knife, C, feed rollers, E E, arranged
substantially as set forth.
6th, The combination of the eccentric, M, on the knife shaft, eccentric
rod, L, and oscillating arm, G1, when the latter are so arranged as to
regulate the cut by adjusting the point of attachment, substantially in
the manner set forth.
72,063.--CONVERTIBLE SHOT GUN AND RIFLE.--Samuel McCulloch, Yellow
Springs, Ohio.
I claim, 1st, The removable barrel, C, constructed with external
collars, c, and secured within a shot gun barrel, A, by a screw, D,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2d, Also the plug, F, for the purposes set forth.
72,064.--DERRICK.--D. J. McDonald, Gold Hill, Nevada.
I claim, 1st, The derrick standard, L, and frame, K, fitted in the
derrick frame, J, and arranged as shown, for the ready adjustment of the
standard, L.
2d, The fitting of the derrick frame, J, on the wagon frame, as shown,
to wit by means of the circular plate, D, frame, F, and circular plate,
G, with the wheel, E, and pinion, Y, to admit of the ready turning of
the derrick, as set forth.
3d, The supports, D, provided with screws, a, and attached to the frame,
B as shown, in connection with the levels, b, in platform, C, for the
purpose of levelling the device, substantially as described.
4th, The angular platform, C, applied to the wagon, A, when used in
combination with a revolving derrick frame, J, substantially as and for
the purpose specified.
72,065.--AUGERS.--John A. McGee (assignor to Theodore Mace), New York
city.
I claim the boring instrument formed with a cutting edge extending
outwardly from the base of the tapering screw, and curved backwards and
downwards until it intersects the periphery of the tool, as and for the
purposes set forth.
72,066.--DRY DOCK.--Israel J. Merritt, New York city.
I claim, 1st, The arrangement and combination with a floating section or
dock, A, of one or more wells, through which a lifting chain or chains
are passed down to the vessel or object to be raised, substantially as
described.
2d, The arrangement and combination of the lever, J, with the floating
dock or section, A, and chain or chains, C, substantially as described.
3d, The shape of the well, B, the same being made flaring from its top
downwards, so as to allow the chains to go or be conducted from the
mouth of the well directly towards the vessel or object to be raised,
substantially as shown.
72,067.--KNIFE AND FORK CLEANER.--John Merritt, New York city.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the circular disks, D, leather or
equivalent rubbers, K, shaft, A, holding plates, E E', adjusting nut,
G, and adjusting screw, I, with each other and with the box, B,
substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set
forth.
2d, The combination of the friction wheel, O, brush, N, and shaft, L,
with each other, and with the disk, D, and box, B, substantially as
herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
3d, The combination of the lever, M, spring, P, and hook, R, with the
brush shaft, L, and box, B, substantially as herein shown and described,
and for the purpose set forth.
72,068.--MANUFACTURE OF LAMP BLACK.--A. Millochan, New York city,
assignor to R.N. Perlee, Jersey City, N.J.
I claim the method herein specified of manufacturing lamp black by
condensing the carbonaceous vapors upon a surface directly over the
flame, that is constantly kept sufficiently cool by artificial means.
72,069.--CAR BRAKE.--James Mitchell, La Porte, Ind.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the lever, A, rod, B, lever, C, pawls,
D and D1, spring, D2, and ratchet wheel, E, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.
2d, The combination of the shaft, E3, collar, R, arm, R', collar, S, and
shaft, I, substantially as set forth.
3d, The combination of the shaft, I, spiral collar, U, lever, T, and
arm, R, for disengaging the brakes, substantially as set forth.
4th, The combination of the ratchet bar, P, with the inclined face, P1,
and catch lever, G, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
5th, The combination of the ratchet bar, P, with its shoulder, P2, and
the lever, T, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
72,070.--AUTOMATIC TABLE FOR TEACHING.--Hannah Munson, Rockford, Ill.,
administratrix of the estate of Wm. C. Munson, deceased.
I claim the combination of the frame, A, with its pivoted pointers, C C,
and hooks, e e, and movable bars, B B, with pointers and charts, D, as
constructed, the whole being arranged and used substantially as and for
the purpose specified.
72,071.--HYDRANT.--John G. Murdock, Cincinnati, Ohio.
I claim, 1st, The hollow plunger, E, having the interior valve, I, and
sleeve packing, F, which respectively close and encircle the supply and
waste pipe, B, as and for the purpose set forth.
2d, In combination with the supply and waste pipe, B, and valve, I, the
vertically adjustable hollow plunger, E, for the object stated.
3d, The adjustable shoulder or lock nut, J, in combination and
arrangement with the elements, B, D, I and E.
4th, The arrangement of internally packed plunger, E, which surrounds
and packs a vertical supply pipe, B, having one or more waste ways,
D, and being enclosed within and guided by a cup, C, substantially as
described.
72,072.--CLEANER FOR LAMP CHIMNEYS.--R.B. Musson, Champaign, Ill.
I claim a cleaner for lamp chimneys, bottles, and other articles of a
similar character, consisting of strips of rubber, or other soft elastic
substance, secure to a holder, and arranged in manner and for the
purposes substantially above set forth and described.
72,073.--BOOT AND SHOE HEEL.--Erastus Newhall, Lynn, assignor to himself
and John R. Moffitt, Chelsea, Mass.
I claim a heel made with a circular thread and a corresponding seat,
when one or both of the two parts are made of elastic material, and are
united substantially as described.
72,074.--PORTABLE HOT AIR CONDUCTOR.--John B. Oldershaw, Baltimore, Md.
I claim a portable hot air receiver and conductor, constructed, arranged
and operating in connection with a stove, for the purpose of heating
apartments above it, substantially as described.
72,075.--VINE HOLDER.--Garret J. Olendorf and Albert O. Parshall,
Middlefield, N.Y.
We claim, 1st, The frame, A, constructed as described and set forth, for
the purpose specified.
2d. The cord, B, combined with and supported by frame, A, as described
and set forth, for the purpose specified.
72,076.--BREECH-LOADING FIRE-ARMS.--Henry O. Peabody (assignor to the
Providence Tool Company), Providence, R.I.
I claim combining the breech block, A, hinged at its posterior
extremity, and operating as described, with the hammer, D, by means of
the protuberant inclined plane, C, or its equivalent, substantially as
described for the purposes specified.
72,077.--RAILWAY CROSSINGS.--Stanhope Perkins, Fairfield, England.
I claim forming the points or V-parts of crossings, without splice, by
bending the rail, prepared as above described, back upon itself, and
securing the abutting parts in the manner and for the purpose above set
forth.
72,078.--MANUFACTURE OF LAMP BLACK.--R.N. Perlee, Jersey City, N.J.
I claim the method herein specified of manufacturing lamp black, by
introducing atmospheric air to the flame, by artificial means, for the
purposes set forth.
72,079.--AXLE BOX.--Henry B. Pitner, La Porte, Ind.
I claim, 1st, An axle box, substantially as shown and described, and for
the purpose set forth.
2d, The sleeve or thimble, A, in combination with the end pieces, B,
substantially as shown and described, and for the purposes set forth.
3d, The shoulder, a1, and the shoulder, a2, in combination with the
sleeve A, and end pieces, B, substantially as shown and described, and
for the purposes set forth.
72,080.--RAILWAY CHAIR.--Leander Pollock, (assignor to himself and John
P. Schenck, Jr.), Matteawan, N.Y.
I claim 1st, A railroad-chair which is divided by an inclined line drawn
through the base, into two parts, A and B, each part carrying one of the
cheeks, and all made and operating substantially as herein shown and
described.
2d, Interposing an elastic plate, g, between the edge of the upper base,
d, and the stationary cheek, a, substantially as and for the purpose
herein shown and described.
72,081.--VENTILATING HAY-MOWS.--Geo. Race, Norwich, N.Y.
I claim making vertical perforated pipes, having lateral branches
extending out from the main pipe for the purpose of ventilating
hay-mows, and stacks of hay or grain, substantially as herein set forth.
72,082.--PNEUMATIC CAR.--Louis Ransom, Lansingburg, N.Y.
I claim in combination with a pneumatic car, a series of metal cylinders
for containing compressed air, the said cylinders being connected by
pipes, so as to form one common reservoir substantially as described.
2d, I also claim the combination, with a stove for warming the car, or
other heating apparatus, a conducting pipe, for the compressed air, so
located with reference to the stove or other heating apparatus that the
compressed air in passing through it will become heated, and have its
expansive power increased thereby, substantially as described.
3d, I also claim the compound flexible pipe, constructed substantially
as described.
4th, I also claim the muffler, D, for the purpose of deadening the sound
of the escaping air as described.
72,083.--MACHINE FOR SHARPENING SAWS.--E.B. Rich, (assignor to himself
and Andre Cashing), Boston, Mass.
I claim the sliding holder, B. and adjustable rail, C, in combination
with the grinding wheel, D, constructed and arranged to operate as
herein described, for the purpose specified.
72.084.--AUTOMATIC REGISTER.--J.T. Buckley, Ottawa, Ill. administrator
of the estate of Stephen Rigler, deceased.
I claim 1st, Operating a register slide so as to regulate the
temperature of apartments, by means of a column of mercury within a
tube, which is arranged within the register itself and acts upon said
slide through the means substantially as described.
2d, The combination of an index hand, B, with a register arranged and
operated by a column of mercury within a tube, which is arranged within
the register itself, substantially as described.
3d, The combination with a circular turning register slide, B, of
mercury pipe, G', piston rod, g1, cross head, g, toothed lever, F,
spur wheel, d, and shaft, b, arranged, constructed and operating
substantially as described.
72,085.--SHOVEL PLOW, CULTIVATOR, ETC.--P.A. Ross, Harveys, Pa.
I claim 1st, The combination of the notched rack, E, and removable pin,
F, with the pivoted or rocking cross-bar, C, and slotted standard, B,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.
2d, Connecting the forward ends of the handles, D, to the beam, A, by
means of the hook or eye-bolt, G, and pivoted bar or plate, H, when used
in connection with the pivoted or rocking cross bar, C, and pin, F,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.
72,086.--FENCE POST.--Robert Ramsey, New Wilmington, Pa.
I claim the fence-post, P P' P", having dove-tail gains at its lower
end, in combination with the parallel slits, A A', and the keys, e e e
e, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.
72,087.--CHURN.--J.A. Rowley, Vanceburg, Ky.
I claim the arrangement substantially as described of the driving wheel,
C, shafts, c c', spring, D, notched bracket, E e. and friction pulley, F
G, for the purpose of imparting a rotary motion to the dasher shaft, f,
in the manner herein described and set forth.
72,088.--STEAM TRAP.--David Saunders, Brooklyn, N.Y. assignor to Jos.
Nason & Co., New York city.
I claim 1st, The arrangement of the central part, C, of the cover and
main cover, B, substantially as herein set forth.
2d, The arrangement of the stop-joint between the floating part and
the fixed part of the apparatus, whereby to avoid the clogging by
accumulations of dirt as specified.
3d, The arrangement of the tubes E and H, the tube, H, being mounted
upon the floating part, substantially as herein specified.
72,089.--DOOR SPRING.--Rudolph Schrader, Indianapolis, Ind.
I claim 1st, The door-spring, constructed as described, consisting of
the hollow socket, F, placed over the square shank of the door arm: and
provided with the right angular arm, J, sleeve, E, to which the inner
end of the coiled spring, D, is securely fastened, fitting at or
alternating upon the socket, F, and provided with the right angular arm,
I, resting against the post, H, in the case, A, the free end, G, of the
spring resting against the opposite side of said post, all operating as
described for the purpose specified.
2d, The spring, D, operated by means of the right angular arm, J, of the
hollow shank, F, engaging with the outer end, G, of the spring when the
door moves in one direction, and when moving in the opposite direction
engaging with the arm, I, of the sleeve, E, to which the inner end
of the spring is secured substantially as described for the purpose
specified.
3d, The combination and arrangement within the case, A, of the spring,
D, hollow socket, F, having arm, J, sleeve, E, having arm, I, post, H,
and hook, G, operating as described for the purpose specified.
72,090.--POLE COUPLING FOR VEHICLES.--Anson Searls, N.Y. city.
I claim the circular joints, B B, and the arrangement of the ratchet
teeth, K K, springs, D D, and bolts, E E, in combination with the arm,
A, substantially as described and for the purposes set forth.
72,091.--CARRIAGE.--Anson Searls, San Francisco, Cal.
I claim, 1st, The axle composed of the steel bars, d and g, attached, as
herein described.
2d, The clip b, passing around under the axle, with its ends fastened
to the plate a, on the rocker, both before and behind the axle,
substantially as described.
72,092.--STEAM ENGINE.--George Shale, Taunton, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The steam-chest, B, constructed with the chambers, gh,
and partition, p, in combination with the steam and exhaust pipes, and
cylinder, a, substantially as described.
2d, The valve-rods, i i', provided with the recesses or chambers, k k,
in combination with the partition, p, constructed as described, and
operated by the lever, l, as and for the purpose set forth.
72,093.--FERRULE.--Archibald Shaw, Philadelphia, Pa.
I claim a ferrule, provided internally, or at its inner side, with
oblique spurs or projections, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.
72,094.--FENCE POST.--Warren H. Shay, Sylvania, Ohio.
I claim the plank standards, B B, joined by the pins, a a, the braces, A
A, and the cross-piece, C, combined and secured by the dove-tail tenons,
o b, the gib and key, c d, and the keys, g g, substantially as and for
the purpose herein shown and described.
72,095.--TABULAR HEATER.--C.J.Shepard, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The combination of the grate, E, ash-pit, D, and
combustion-chamber, C, with the slide-valve, I, for the purposes
indicated.
2d, The slide-valve at the junction of the upper and under front flue,
for the purposes described.
3d, The upper front flue covered externally with a non-conducting lining
as a portion of the combustion-chamber.
4th, The corrugated tubular externally-flanged chamber, provided with an
incombustible termination, constructed and operating substantially as
shown for the purposes pointed out.
5th, A semi-cylindrical reverberating chamber of combustion, when
combined with a flue and a series of tubes, for the purposes specified.
6th, A feeding-chamber in combination with an arched chamber of
combustion and the abutments for properly distributing the fuel upon the
grate.
7th, Constructing the bed-plate or grate-plate in such a manner that the
same shall form a support for the grate and brick-work of the chamber of
combustion, as well as the bed of the front flue.
8th, The division-plate, in combination with a series of tubes, for the
purposes fully described.
72,096.--WINDOW-SASH SUPPORTER.--J.W.Simpson, Newark, N.J.
I claim the lever, d, and wedge, b, constructed, combined, and operated
substantially in the manner and for the purpose hereinabove set forth.
Also, the socket, m, with its ratch, n, and the catch, i, on the lever,
d, in combination with the lever and wedge, in the manner and for the
purpose specified.
72,097.--STAKE-HOLDER FOR RAILROAD CARS.--Thomas A. Slack, Peoria
county, Ill.
I claim the combination of revolving staple, stakes, and divisional
"coal sides." as described and for the purpose set forth.
72,098.--EXCAVATOR.--Benjamin Slusser, Sidney, Ohio, assignor to himself
and Elias M. Gluck, same place.
I claim, 1st, The method of elevating or adjusting the plough of an
excavator by the rotary motion of the forward axle, derived from the
forward wheels by means of the clutches, a' a', substantially as and for
the purposes set forth.
2d, In combination with the above, the plough, P, racks, r r, and
pinion, a, when the latter is fixed to the axle, and operates to raise
the plough by power derived from the axle, substantially as and for the
purpose specified.
3d, The combination of the rocking cart, C, gear, e e'e", apron, B, and
plough, P, when the parts are so constructed and arranged that by the
raising or depressing of the plough, the wheels, e e', shall be
thrown into or out of gear, and the apron put in motion or stopped,
substantially as and for the purpose specified.
4th. The combination of the looped rods, w w w, with the arms, v v v,
doors, m m' m", and lever, 1", substantially as and for the purpose
specified.
5th, The lips or projections, o o, of the doors, m m' m", substantially
as and for the purposes set forth.
6th. The combination of the rod, u, lever, l', spring, s, trigger,
n, doors, m m' m", having the lips, o o o, rod, y', and hook, y,
substantially as and for the purposes specified.
72,099.--AUGER HANDLE.--Daniel Y. Smith, Joliet, Ill.
I claim the combination of the ferrule, a, with the annular nut, e, and
flat spring, c, when constructed and arranged as and for the purposes
set forth.
72,100.--MACHINE FOR SHARPENING SAWS.--J.B.Smith, Milwaukee, Wis.
I claim cutter, B, gauge, E, and adjustable cone-mandrel, D, in
combination, substantially as and for the purpose described.
72,101.--RAISING OILS AND BURNING-FLUIDS BY PNEUMATIC PRESSURE.--John
Henry Smith, Allegheny city, Pa.
I claim raising, by pneumatic pressure, oils or burning-fluids from an
oil or fluid compartment of a ship or other vessel, and mixing with said
oil and fluid the gas generated therefrom, as herein described and set
forth.
Also, the combination and arrangement of the pipes, A B C f and f', when
used in connection with the oil or fluid compartment, R, of a ship or
other vessel, the whole being constructed, arranged, and operating
substantially in the manner hereon described and set forth.
Also, in connection with the above, ejecting fine jets of water into the
flame, caused by the burning of the oil or fluid and other matter mixed
therewith, as herein described and set forth.
72,102.--SHIP FOR TRANSPORTING PETROLEUM.--John H. Smith, Allegheny
city, Pa.
I claim, providing the hulls of ships and other vessels with a
compartment for oils and burning fluids, said compartment being
protected with water, and furnished with supply and discharge pipes,
substantially as herein described and for the purpose set forth.
72,103.--DEVICE FOR SHEARING AND CLIPPING WOOL.--R.T.Smith and
J.K.Priest, Nashua, N.H.
I claim, 1st, The revolving spring cutter or cutters, O, in connection
with a cutter-plate.
2d, The open cutter-plate, P.
3d, The shield, N, in connection with the cylinder, C, covering shaft,
M, and extending into groove, g, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose herein described.
72,104.--CORN PLOUGH.--John Snyder, Williamsfield, Ohio.
I claim the combination of the tongue, H, strap, L, and upright, K, with
the forward end of the central beam, A, substantially as herein shown
and described, and for the purpose set forth.
72,105.--BOOT-HEEL POLISHER.--V.K.Spear, Lynn, Mass.
I claim, 1st, The reciprocating polisher, moving in the line of an arc
of a circle, by means of mechanism substantially as herein described,
and having an elastic bearing, as and for the purpose set forth.
2d, In combination with a reciprocating polisher, substantially as
described, I claim the pivoted sliding frame to support the boot or shoe
constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as set forth.
72,106.--MEANS FOR PROPELLING VESSELS.--Robt.R. Spedden and Daniel F.
Stafford, Astoria, Oregon.
We claim, 1st, The combination of the rack-frame, K, racks, I and J, and
ratchet wheel, H, with each other and with a shaft, D, for the purpose
of applying power to said shaft, substantially as herein shown and
described.
2d, The combination of the stationary post, O, pitman, N, rocking-post,
M, and adjusting slide, L, with each other, with the rack frame, K, and
with the hinged parts of a vessel or other structure, one or both of
said hinged parts floating in the water, so as to be acted upon by the
motion of the waves, substantially as herein shown and described.
72,107.--CULTIVATOR.--C.E.Steller, Chicago, Ill.
I claim, 1st, The hinged runners, J W, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.
2d, The slotted sides, A A and B B, in combination with the shanks, C D
E, arranged to be set at different angles, and fastened by set-screws, Z
Z, as described.
3d, The combination of the guide-bar, E, arranged to be raised and
lowered, with rear standards, H H, and sides, A A B B, as described.
4th, The combination of standards, G G, hinged runners, J W, and sides,
A A B B, as set forth.
5th, The shanks, U, of shovel, T, arranged to fit in a socket, V, and
bar, S, in combination with standards, G G, and cross-bar, I, as and for
the purpose set forth.
6th, The double evener, L, arranged substantially as set forth.
7th, The double evener, L, in combination with braces, O O and P P, with
or without braces, Y, substantially as set forth.
72,108.--EYE CUP.--Benj. F. Stephens, Brooklyn, N.Y.
I claim a pair of bowls, united by tubes or necks to an exhaustion-bag
or ball, as and for the purposes set forth.
72,109.--HARVESTER RAKE.--Edward Stewart, Fort Madison, Iowa.
I claim the arrangement of the shafts, D E and G, with their respective
wheels, crank, I, and pitman, J, with its dividing end, J', connecting
the arms, e e, upon the box, K', at the end of shaft, K, the whole
constructed and operating substantially as and for the purposes
specified.
72,110.--STREET PAVEMENT.--H. M. Stow, San Francisco, Cal.
I claim, 1st, A wooden pavement, composed of alternate tiers of
square-ended and wedge-shaped blocks, the wedge-shaped ends of the
latter being driven down into a foundation-bed of sand or earth,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
2d, A wooden pavement, composed of blocks with lower ends wedge-formed,
and all driven down into a foundation-bed of sand or earth,
substantially as shown and described.
72,111.--STREET PAVEMENT.--H. M. Stow, San Francisco, Cal.
I claim, 1st, The cast iron plates, with projecting wedge-shaped flanges
to be driven into the sand or earth, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.
2d, Also, a pavement composed of alternate tiers of cast iron plates,
with projecting wedge-shaped flanges and wedge-shaped wooden blocks,
driven into the sand and earth, substantially as described.
72,112.--WASHING MACHINE.--John D Swartz, Milton, Pa
I claim, 1st, The slotted aims, g, bearing the shaft, D, and rubber, C,
when such arms are connected at their lower ends by the slotted bar, E,
through which the spring, G, passes as herein described for the purpose
specified.
2d, The combination of the semi-circular rubber, C, slotted arms, g,
shaft, D, slotted cross-bar, E, spirally grooved rollers, d, in the
curved frames, B, the spring, G, and rack, H, as herein described for
the purpose specified.
72,113.--PORTABLE FENCE.--G. D. Sweigert, Martic township, Pa., assignor
to himself, John Sweigert and Felix W. Sweigert.
I claim a portable fence, combined of round wrought-iron posts, C,
bed-plate, A, rails, B, scarfed, and applied with intervening ferrules,
D, head and bottom washers, F, all arranged in the manner and for the
purpose specified.
72,114.--VARIABLE CRANK FOR BORING MACHINE.--G. C. Taft, Worcester,
Mass., assignor to Theodore Mace, Sing Sing, N.Y.
I claim the two variable cranks, constructed as specified, and applied
in the manner shown, to the shaft or axis of the boring machine, as and
for the purposes set forth.
72,115.--ROTARY TAKE-UP FOR KNITTING MACHINE.--James Teachout,
Waterford, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The stationary scroll plate, C, placed over the center of
motion of take-up of knitting machines, for the purpose described.
2d, Also, in combination with the scroll plate, C, the toothed gear, D,
for the purpose herein set forth.
3d, Also, the toothed wheel, D, or its equivalent, either separately, or
combined with the described appendages e i g i K, arranged as shown and
described as operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose
specified.
4th, Also, in combination with the above, the adjustable gear, s, and
concentric gears, s', for the purpose described.
72,116.--KNITTING MACHINE.--James Teachout, Waterford, N.Y.
I claim 1st, Forming the "jacks" or loop-lifters, B, with a projecting
are, f, and depressed arc, g, for the purposes set forth.
2d, n combination with the arc, f, and arch, g, the rounded end, as
shown and described.
3d, In combination with the described knitting jacks, a retaining hub or
device, constructed and arranged as shown and described.
72117,--KNITTING MACHINE--James Teachout, Waterford, N.Y.
I claim, 1st, The vertically adjustable collars or rings, G and H, for
the purposes described.
2d, In combination with the collars, G and H, the partitions or wings,
k, and groove, l, as set forth.
3d, In combination with the adjustable collars, G and H, wings, k, and
groove, l, the "jacks" or lifters, M, formed as shown and described, for
the purpose specified.
72,118.--MANUFACTURING ILLUMINATING GAS.--J. B. Terry, Hartford, Conn.
I claim, 1st, The method herein described of heating air charged with
hydrocarbon vapor, so as to render it non-condensable previous to its
delivery as an illuminating gas, for the purposes set forth.
2d, The employment of a retort or other heating medium interposed
between the carbureter and gas holder or other gas-delivering or
gas-burning device, substantially as and for the p